"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks - Letter: H

page 4a

He to Hi: below     Ho to Hy: next page


Found at Brancaster, Norfolk.  Heacham brick pit closed in 1914.  photo and info by Chris Dixon.

Found during refurbishment of the Catholic church, Hunstanton by Eric Rhodes.

Healdfield, Castleford

Healdfield is a district of Castleford, West Yorkshire.

Found near York by Don Boldison.


Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Heath, Wolverhampton

Research has led me to believe that this works was owned by Joseph Hill & he is listed in Kelly’s 1876 & 80 editions at Alma Street (brickworks), Heath Town, Wolverhampton. In the 1892 edition the listing is for H. Hill, 59, Heath Street, Heath Town, possibly his son. See entry for Hill, Wolverhampton. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Heath House

Heath House brickworks was at the edge of Cheddleton, North Staffordshire, and appears in the 1896 trade directory, but not that for 1904. The poor quality of the brick and the bits of stone in the structure are typical of the products of such small local brickworks where the clay had very little treatment before being taken to the moulding machine.  T Clarkson also ran Heath House Farm. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Robert Heath

Robert Heath and Sons Ltd had extensive coal and iron interests in the Biddulph and Kidsgrove areas and operated brickworks in the Grange area of Cobridge and at Nettle Bank in Smallthorne around 1900. Photo and information by David Kitching

Photo by Alan Murray-Rust

Heather Colliery

Heather Colliery, Heather Brick Co. Ltd.  Photo by Peter Harris.  Heather is a village west of Ibstock in North West Leicestershire.

G. Heaton, Shipley

This rare Bradford brick was made at Heaton Colliery & Brickworks, which was at the Shipley end of the amenity woodland known today as 'Heaton Woods'. Much of this woodland lies in the north Bradford township of Heaton but, co-incidentally, the brick manufacturer's name was George Heaton although he was a Lancastrian. The site of his brick works was called Taffy Mires and a chimney marked the spot until about 20 years ago. The works was in operation from 1855, or a little earlier, until George Heaton's death in 1874. Despite its reddish appearance the brick is largely made of fireclay which was extracted on site.  Photo and information by Derek Barker.


Throughout its history, Heddon has thrived on a number of industries including coal mining, the quarrying of sandstone and limestone, brick making, and agriculture. Coal mining in particular has had a long connection with Heddon, stretching some 400 years. In 1784 a Heddon Colliery was the first in the trade to use mechanical means of 'screening' or separating the coal according to its size. The last deep mine to be worked in Heddon was the Margaret Pit. In addition to supplying coal to the village, it also provided coal and clay to the nearby Heddon brick works.  Many thanks to George Simpson.

Hedingham Brick Co.

Photo by Richard Symonds.

 The Hedingham Brick Co. was owned by Mark Gentry & consisted of two works, the Langthorne Works on Wethersfield Road, Sible Hedingham is first listed in Kellys 1886 edition & the Highfield Works, Purls Hill, Sible Hedingham was opened at a later date. The Hedingham Brick Co. was briefly owned by Eli Cornish as listed in Kellys 1902 edition & the H.B. Co. brick was made by Eli during his time at the works. Kellys 1906 edition now lists Mark Gentry as owing the company again & he continues to be listed at Sible Hedingham until 1917. Mark Gentry’s Highfield Works, Purls Hill is next listed in Kellys 1922 edition as being owned by the Sible Hedingham Red Brick Co. & Eli Cornish is recorded as being a director of this company. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell with some info from a BBS article by Adrian Corder-Birch.

Heeley Bank

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found in Sheffield.

Photo by AKA Demik.

H Hemming, Hay Mills

 Henry Hemming is listed at Speedwell Road, Hay Mills, Yardley in Kelly’s 1900 & 05 editions. Info & Photographed at Four Oaks Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by Darrell Prest

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Hemsworth is near South Kirby, West Yorkshire. The brick works was fired in 1903 by Samuel Oakland. He had a Hoffmann kiln with 14 chambers firing clay shale bricks. Initially the company was known as Oakland Bros., then Hemsworth Brickworks Ltd.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the information.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection

Found in Harrogate by David Gamble.

Henry Priestley

Found in N E Derbyshire by Simon Patterson. made by Henry Priestley, Whittington, Chesterfield.  Listed in Kelly 1895, 1904 and 1912.  Info PRBCO.

Hepworth, Escrick

Quite a modern brick made by Hepworths in Escrick near Selby.  Photo by Carla van Beveren.

Hepworth Iron

Front and back of a Hepworth Iron Co brick, found near Penistone by Frank Lawson.

G S & H W Tinker, Hazlehead, Sheffield.  Photo by Steve Horn who writes: Tinkers owned several coal mines in the Holmfirth / Penistone area and were involved with coke ovens and brick works at Hepworth Iron, Hazlehead. Iron was originally smelted on site in the mid 19th century, hence "Hepworth Iron Co" which only disappeared as a company name quite recently after some years of being unused.
Hereford: see Holmer, Hereford

Hermitage Brickworks, Mansfield

I have found two works using the Hermitage Brickworks name. My preferred option is Lane Brothers of Hermitage Lane, Mansfield, as the colour, texture & lettering on this brick is similar to their bricks. The second works is Pinewood Estate Brick & Tile Co. at Chapel Lane, Hermitage, Little Hungerford, West Berkshire, who are recorded as predominantly producing hand made bricks, although they are recorded as latterly producing machine made bricks. Examples from both these two companies can be seen on their appropriate pages. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

Hermitage, Newbury

The Hermitage Brick & Tile Works, Newbury was owned by the Pinewood Brick & Tile Co. & more can be read about this works in the Pinewood entry. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Hesketh & Wild, Atherton

An uncommon Atherton brick found at nearby Leigh, image PRBCO

Hetton Lyons

Hetton, also known as Hetton Lyons, colliery was in Hetton le Hole, County Durham.


William Hewitt, Bradwell Hall Brick & Tile Works, Chesterton. Hewitt appears in the trade directories between 1904 and 1912 at Bradwell Hall where he advertises as manufacturing bricks and tiles along with ornamental roofing, ridge and garden tiles. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Hewitt, Fenton Low

Joseph Hewitt & Son, Fenton Low, Stoke-on-Trent is listed in Kelly Staffordshire 1932
and also in Kelly Staffordshire 1940 at Victoria Road. Image PRBCO.

Joseph Hewitt & Co, Fenton Low Brick and Marl Works, first appears in the trade directories in 1872 and was working until after 1940. This brick marked 'J Hewitt and Son' probably dates from before 1872.  Photo and information by David Kitching.

William Hewitt, Stowmarket

William R. Hewitt is listed at Station Road, Stowmarket in Kellys 1900 edition & was brickmaking between 1895 & 1902.  Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Hexter, Humpherson & Co, Newton Abbot

This brick was found during the restoration of the Stover Canal in Devon.  Richard Harris has added: Hexter, Humpherson & Co Ltd were formed in 1889 by two former employees of Candy & Co. Its main operation was a brick, pipe and tile making factory at Kingsteignton near Newton Abbot. The company did branch out into the manufacture of pottery in the early twentieth century when it took over the Watcombe and the Royal Aller Vale Potteries and merged them into the Royal Watcombe Pottery. It was this pottery which closed in 1962. Hexter, Humpherson & Co were taken over by the clay quarrying company Watts, Blake, Bearne & Co Ltd in 1964 and formed into a new company, Western Pipes Ltd. However, the Kingsteignton brick and pipe making operation was closed down in 1968.

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Heys, Stacksteads

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.Henry Heys was a quarry owner who came to Stacksteads from Helmshore about 1848. By the late nineteenth century he had quarries at Brandwood, Facit, and Hambeldon. His sons took over the business on Henry's death and as Henry Heys & Sons took over the brickworks at Rakehead from the County Brick & Tile Co. On the death of the eldest son in 1902  the firm was constituted as a limited company, Henry Heys and Co Ltd. The brickworks did not operate for long and in 1917 when the chimney was demolished, had already been disused for some time. Henry Heys & Co continued in the quarrying business, having moved to Britannia in 1919.  Info by David Kitching.

Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.

Hic Bibi: see N C B Hic Bibi


View the page on Hickleton brickworks here and N.C.B. entry here

Hickman, Stourbridge

In 1896 Hickman & Co had a mine on the Delph, at Brierley Hill, and were producing fireclay and manufacturing coal. There were 9 underground workers and 4 surface workers at this time.  Found near Blisworth by Nigel Furniss, who also supplied the information.

Found around the Hayling Island / Langstone Harbour shoreline in Hampshire by Tony Russell.

Hicks, Fletton (includes Hicks & Gardener)

Henry Hicks, Fletton, Peterborough. The company became Hicks and Gardener Co. in 1891, and Hicks & Co. Ltd. in 1911. In 1927 the company went public as Hicks & Co. Ltd and was soon controlled by the London Brick Co. All found in West Norfolk.  Photos and info by Christopher Dixon.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell, courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection.

Hiendley Brick Co. (near Wigan)

This brick is a mis-spelling of Hindley Brick Co. The 1881 Trade Directory listing for this works is Hindley Brick, Slate & Lime Co., (brickmakers), Wigan Road, Hindley with John Eatock as Managing Partner. The 1888 OS map shows this works as a Brick Field just off Wigan Road in Hindley village. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.
W Higgins & Son.

William Higgins & Son, Exchange Brickworks, Broughton Street, Cheetham Hill, Manchester.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.

Higher Antley, Accrington

Higher Antley Brickworks Accrington 1876-c1915.  The works was situated on Willows Lane south of Accrington centre. Opened in 1876 it had various owners before closing around 1915. Several bungalows were built on the site. Found in Church near Accrington.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.


Found in Goldthorpe, South Yorks and is associated with Highgate Colliery in Goldthorpe. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

High Brooms - also see entry for Tunwells

Photo by Richard Symonds.  The High Brooms Brick and Tile Company was founded in 1885 by John Smith Weare. He died in 1890,aged sixty-two. His son, Frank Weare took over running the firm, and he lived at “The Dell” in Ferndale, and walked to work daily. With the brickworks doing well, Frank persuaded his son, Frank Gerald Craven Weare to take up a directorship in the company, and he took over in 1941 following his father’s death. A slump in the building trade in the 1960s lead to the closure of the brickworks, but there is both a road and recreation ground in High Brooms named after the Weare Family. More info on High Brooms.

High Lane Plastic

In 1896 John Booth Davis was making bricks at High Lane, Burslem and from 1904 to 1912 John Leigh & Son are shown here. Photo and information by David Kitching.


Photo by Richard Symonds, taken at Amberley Chalkpits Museum.

T & J Higson

Variously of Brownlow Fold, Daubhill, Great Lever and Halliwell, all near Bolton Lancashire.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Higson, Halliwell.  Found by Simon Newby on the moors above Bolton, it was near part of the water tank of Lord Leverhulme's Rivington gardens.

Photos by courtesy of Colin Driver.


Joseph Hill, brickmaker in Heath Town, Wolverhampton, is listed in Kelly’s 1876 & 80 editions. Then in the 1892 edition the listing is for H. Hill, 59, Heath Street, Heath Town, which could be his son. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Charles Gray Hill, Coventry

Charles Gray Hill is listed in Kellys 1892 & 1900 editions at Foleshill Road, Foleshill, Coventry. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

George Hill, Ledbury

After ceasing brick production, George Hill continued in business in Ledbury as an ironmonger.  Photographed at Butcher Row House Museum in Ledbury by Richard Paterson.

Hill, Misterton, Notts.

Both bricks were found very close to the Hill Brothers Brickworks in Misterton, Notts. by Frank Lawson

Front and back of a Hill's brick found near Gainsborough by Frank Lawson

Thomas Hill senior is listed as brickmaker in Kelly’s 1876 edition at Misterton. The 1881 edition then records his two sons, Jason & Thomas jnr Hill as owners of this works. Kelly's 1885 to 1941 editions then records the owners as Hill Brothers, Misterton. I have found that brothers Tom & Bob Hill owned this works in the 1930’s/40’s & it may have closed around 1946. The Hill Brothers also operated a second works at nearby Gringley on the Hill & this works is listed in Kelly’s 1908 to 1916 editions. As well as producing red bricks & floor tiles, the several different brickworks in & around Misterton are also well known for producing distinct white bricks same as this Hill brick. Info & Photographed at Bassetlaw Museum, Retford by Martyn Fretwell.

F A Hill, Redditch

Fred A. Hill owned the Ferny Hill Brick Works, Redditch.  Photos reproduced with the permission of Redditch Local History Society. Martyn Fretwell writes :- The Ferny Hill Brick Works is recorded in the 1936 & 1940 editions of Kelly’s Trade Directory on Bromsgrove Road in Redditch. History and photos of the works: http://www.rhhg.org.uk/RH/RLHS-Library/RLHS-FF-FH/RLHS-FF-FH.pdf

Hillmorton is near Rugby. Two Brickwork's are on the 1897 OS map in Hillmorton, but not on the 1905 map.  Photo and info by Steve Bladon.


Photo courtesy of Graham Hague (Sheffield) collection.  Made at the Walkley Lane Brick Works which was owned by Henry Ripley.  These were operational from 1900 to 1904, thanks to A.K.A.Demik.  Also see the entry under Ripley, Hillsbro.


 In Kelly’s 1868 & 72 editions the Himley Fire Brick Co. Kingswinford, Dudley is listed with John Bird as Manager. Then there is a gap to the 1900 edition  when the name reappears as The Himley Fire & Red Brick Co. Kingswinford ( Red, Blue & Brindled bricks) This entry continues until last available edition in 1940. The next recording for Himley is that it was purchased by Ibstock in 1963 & it looks like they are still producing bricks there today. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection, with Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Found by David Ashford at Barnby Dun near Doncaster

Hinckley Wharf

Photo by Alwyn Sparrow

Thomas Hind & Son

Thomas Hind & Son are listed in Kelly’s 1885 edition at Strawberry Terrace, Pottery Lane, Retford. The 1891 & 95 editions just list Thomas at Strawberry Terrace. I have found from old maps that Strawberry Terrace was his home address on Pottery Lane & his works was nearby at the end of Pottery Lane. Info & Photographed at Bassetlaw Museum, Retford by Martyn Fretwell.

R Hinde

Robert Hinde, brick and tile maker, Maryport, Cumbria.  Found at Carsethorn, Nr Kirkbean, Kirkcudbrightshire, Scotland.  Photo and info by Mark Cranston.

Hindley Green

Photo by Simon Newby

Photo by Alan Davies.

 I have found three brickworks marked on the 1888 OS map in Hindley Green near Wigan. Two where either side of the L & N. W. Railway line, next to the railway station & one was next to Swan Colliery & this brickworks & colliery was owned by E. Johnson (see E. Johnson entry). All three brickworks had gone by the 1906 OS map. Info by Martyn Fretwell.  Also see entry for Hiendley.

W E Hipkiss, Stourbridge

 William E. Hipkiss is listed in Kelly’s 1884 & 1888 editions as brickmaker in Cradley, Brierley Hill. He is followed by his son Frank, who is recorded as Iron & brick manufacturer at Lodge Forge, Cradley in Kelly’s 1892 & 1896 editions. William Hipkiss is then listed as brickmaker at Lodge Forge in Kelly’s 1904 to 1912 editions. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Hipper Holme

The glazed brick manufacturers was established by Henry Victor Allen when he took over the Halifax Glazed Brick Works in the Walterclough valley. He converted the works to manufacture refractory bricks. Their Selfrac refractory bricks were world famous. The bricks were carried by narrow-gauge railway up the valley to the sidings at Hipperholme station.  Thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.


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