"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks - page 10b

Ho to Hy

Hobbs Bruce & Co. Willerby

Hobbs Bruce & Co., Willerby, Hull.   Bulmer's Directory 1892 (Willerby) : Hobbs, Bruce & Co., manufacturers of whiting, cement, lime, and bricks.  photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Hobson, Ilkeston

Matthew Hobson owned the Millfield Colliery & it’s associated brickworks in Ilkeston in 1876. Info & photo by Martyn Fretwell, courtesy of Erewash Museum, Ilkeston.

G. Hodges, Burton & Winshill

Thanks to Christopher Dixon for the photo.

George Hodges is listed in Kelly’s 1884 edition to it’s 1912 edition with his works on Shobnall Road, Burton, then with one entry in 1904 for a second works at Winshill. Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

H Hodkins, Whittington, Lichfield

Harry Hodgkins, Huddlesford, Whittington, Lichfield, Staffs.

From  Kelly's Staffordshire Directory, 1884:  "There were brickmakers in Whittington in 1840, but the industry did not take off until the 1870’s when William Thomas opened his brickyard at Huddlesford. Clay was dug out of the local pits that are still in evidence today and the coal would have been shipped in by the recently completed railway line to the Cannock Chase coalfield. The bricks were needed to build the barracks at Whittington. William remained the master brick builder until 1880. He moved to Mill Street, Walsall, wher he died on 9th November 1887. The business passed over to Harry Hodgkins and his family until its eventual closure in the 1890’s."
Ref.- Whittington Trades History, brick found by Frank Lawson in Rugeley, Staffs.


Thomas and Edward Hodkinson first appear in the trade directory for 1867 at Parkfield Works, Park St, Stoke-on-Trent. The next year only Edward is named as proprietor. The last entry is in 1879 when the brickworks is being run by his executors. Photo and information by David Kitching.

J Hogarth

Photo by Mark Cranston.  Arthur Brickman adds: John Hogarth of Scotland Gate, between Guide Post and Choppington in South East Northumberland, just to the west of Bedlington and probablly dating to the 1870's.

M Hogarth & Sons


Holbeck Brick Fireclay Works, Holbeck, Leeds is listed in the 1939 telephone directory, though this example is a good 40 years older. Holbeck lies 1.5km south of Leeds City centre.  Image PRBCO.

A variation on Holbeck by John Pease.


 The Holbrook Creek Brickworks is listed in Kellys 1896 through to it’s 1916 edition at Holbrook near Ipswich. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Holding & Riley

Found in Accrington.  Possibly Holding & Riley - Broadfield Pottery Accrington. The pottery was established in 1774,and was purchased by Holding & Riley in 1859/60. Subsequently owned by the Holding family until closure in 1921. Any further info welcome. Photo and info by Colin Driver.

Pickford, Holland & Co.

Alosil D, photo by Mark Cranston.

Found on a slag bank at a former steel works site in Barrow in Furness by Richard Cornish.

PICKFORD, HOLLAND & CO. LTD. Head Office and Works: ATTERCLIFFE ROAD, SHEFFIELD. T.A., "Canister, Sheffield". T.N., Sheffield 41191/3 (3 lines). Works: OWLER BAR, SHEFFIELD; CROOK, Co. DURHAM. Established 1899.
"Alosil" Brand sillimanite refractories; P.H. Brand silica refractories; all types of refractory brick, cement and monolithic lining material.
Trade Names: P.H.; Alosil; Basex.


Found in Eckington N E Derbyshire.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Photo by Darrell Prest.

Hollins & Co., Port Vale

The Midland Tileries are recorded as being owned by George Hollins, Basford & Viggars, Port Vale, Wolstanton, Stoke in Kelly’s 1880 to 1888 editions, then as Hollins & Viggars, Port Vale in Kelly's 1892 to 1900 editions. This works continued to produce bricks & then just tiles until 1955 & was owned by Boulton & Co. who are listed in Kelly's 1904 to 1940 editions. Ken Perkins also records John Cope & Son as being at this works in 1875 & John Cope is listed in Kelly’s 1868 & 1872 editions at Port Vale, Wolstanton. Info & Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.

Holloway Bros.

Photo by Rog.  Made in Market Lavington, Wiltshire.

Holly Bank

The old Holly Bank Coal Co. Ltd., was taken over on 1st July 1932, by Mr. C. A. Nelson, M.I.M.E., Chairman and Managing Director of the Hartley Main Collieries Ltd., Cramlington, Northumberland.  New Company formed 1935. New Sinking completed. Old Holly Bank Colliery being re-opened. New Brickworks in commission. Output 26,000,000 bricks per annum. There is a 'Holly Bank House' about 1 mile west of Bloxwich, Staffs.  Photo and info by Ray Martin.

Holly Hall

Maurice Stokes found this one in part of an old wall which has been knocked down in Kingswinford, West Midlands. 

The Holly Hall Brick Co. Holly Hall, Dudley is recorded in Kelly’s from 1900 to 1904 editions, then in the 1908 edition the company is listed as The Holly Hall Brick & Tile Works Ltd. Holly Hall, Dudley. This entry continues until the 1928 edition when Stourbridge Road is added to the address. 1936 is the last entry for this company. In an article giving Notice of Intended Dividends in the London Gazette dated 9th January 1905, Thomas Priest, Brick Manufacturer, residing at Oakleigh, Holly Hall, Dudley, Worcs. is recorded as carrying on the business at The Holly Hall Brickworks, Holly Hall, Dudley. Info by Martyn Fretwell & Photos by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.

Holmer, Hereford

The Holmer Brick Works was part of the Hereford Brick and Tile Company. Image PRBCO.  Richard Paterson writes:  Image PRBCO. Edwin Davey and Rebecca Roseff, in 'Herefordshire Bricks & Brickmakers' (Logaston Press, 2007) state that, in 1858, there were two brickworks listed at Holmer. One was the Albert Brick & Tile Works (see RPD) and this, the Holmer Works, was the other. Also nearby was the important Victoria Tile Works.

Hereford is shown on the reverse.  Photos by Richard Paterson.


Photo by Ian C.  Possibly made at Buckland Hollow, Ripley, Derbys.

Holmes & Co., Shelton

This works first appears in the 1864 trade directory under Holmes and Hambleton, Sun Street. In 1869 Holmes & Co is listed, and the last record I can find is in the Shelton rate book for 1880-81 which lists the proprietors as Edwin Holmes, Thos Maden, Ralph Plant, and Matthew Henshall. It is possible that the business metamorphosed into the Sun Street Brick & Marl Co which appears by 1892. Photo and info by David Kitching.

Benjamin Holmes, Kirkby

Martyn Fretwell writes: Benjamin Holmes was born in Selston, Notts. in 1835 & in 1871 after being a brickyard - labourer he moved to Kirkby in Ashfield to become a brick maker. By 1895 he had his own business on Portland Street, collecting the clay from a field on Lowmoor Road. His two sons, James & John took over the business (date unknown)  & in 1902 they moved the Brickyard to Lowmoor Road. The site covered a very large area from what is now Tesco Express to the Lowmoor Inn & backs up onto Marlborough Road. After John died in 1915, James carried on until his son, William took over the business. The company ceased work when William & his workers were called up for war in 1939. After the war due to the deterioration of machinery & shortage of coal, William did not re-open the yard. The company was well known for producing top quality house bricks & so called " Fancy Bricks" which can be seen on the houses in the streets around the works. Many Thanks to Betty & Joan, Benjamin's Great-Granddaughters for providing me this information.

Made in Kirkby in Ashfield, Nottinghamshire, thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

C J Holmes

Discovered in a terraced house in Warrington by Antony Jerram, origin unknown.

J Holmes, Melbourne Junction near Derby

Although I have no trade directory entries for J. Holmes, the Melbourne Junction brickworks (also known as Normanton Brickworks) is recorded on a 1900 map on Sinfin Lane, Normanton, Derby next to the Birmingham to Derby railway line. The reverse of the red Holmes brick has Derby lightly stamped in it. Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Holmside and South Moor collieries

Mark Davinson writes: produced for Holmside Colliery Company in North Durham.

Holmside & Southmoor Collieries Co. Ltd., Craghead, Stanley, Co. Durham.  Photo by Frank Lawson.

Found near Newcastle. Photo by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

Holt, Castleton

here was a Holt brickworks in Great Harwood from c1882 - c1900 owned by Edward Noble and Adam Olive.  However as I found it at a demolition site in Castleton near Rochdale, I would go for Thomas Holt, Castleton - listed in Worrall's 1885.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.

E Holt, Rossendale

E H & Co. - E.Holt, Hall Carr, Rawtenstall. Rossendale, Lancs.  In operation from 1860-1903, (James Ashworth 1860-79,E.Holt from 1880-1903).  Now covered by the Hall Carr housing estate.  It was one of these bricks that set famous collector Henry Holt on his way to acquiring over 5000 bricks from all over the world.  He lived about a mile from me in Waterfoot.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.

Holyport Brick & Tile Works

Holyport is 2 miles south of Maidenhead, Berkshire. Photographed at Bursledon Brick Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Homer Hill

Samuel Evers & Sons operated the Homer Hill Fireclay Works at Netherend Lane, Cradley from 1888 to 1936. The works was then taken over by E.J. & J. Pearson, who also obtained a number of other Stourbridge fireclay companies in the 1930’s. So this brick could have been made by either company at the Homer Hill works.
Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Honey Lane - see entry for Selborne

Hoo Hill, Blackpool

Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.


 This works is listed in Kelly’s 1920 edition as the Hook Brick & Tile Works (Daneshill Brick & Tile Works Ltd. proprietors), Newnham, Basingstoke. The 1930 OS map shows this works was next to the Southern Railway line at Nately Scures near Newnham. I then researched the Daneshill Brick & Tile Works & this company is listed in Kelly’s 1920 & 27 editions in Basingstoke with L.C. Whetham as Managing Director. The Daneshill works had been set up by Walter Hoare in 1903 to produce bricks for the building of his own house, Daneshill House which was designed by Edwin Lutyens. Many more Basingstoke houses designed by Lutyens were then built using Daneshill bricks. The Daneshill Brickworks ornate office building designed by Lutyens which stood at the entrance to the brickworks still stands today on Bilton Road, but it is now dwarfed by the many large industrial units that surrounds it and can be seen at this link. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Hooker, Sevenoaks

Photo by Richard Symonds, taken at Amberley Chalkpits Museum.

Hooper, Exmouth

Found on the shore of the River Exe at Lympstone by Angela Coles.

Found in a garden in Topsham, Exeter. Karl Nill adds: I think the brick originated from the Withycombe Raleigh works in Exmouth. I have been told there were at least three brick works in Exmouth.

Hooper & Co

Please see entry for the Bursledon Brick Co. for the history of this company. Photographed at the Bursledon Brickworks Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Hooper & Ashby, Southampton

Please see entry for the Bursledon Brick Co. for the history of this company. Photographed at the Bursledon Brickworks Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Hooson Brothers, Whitehouse Lane, Walkley, Sheffield.  White's Sheffield Directory 1879/1893. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Hopkinson & Bates

H & B (Hopkinson & Bates) - Found Thackley, West Yorks. 2017 by Frank Lawson.  Hopkinson & Bates, Bowling Old Lane, Bradford, West Yorks.   Kelly's West Riding Directory 1870 - 1875.

Horn & Kelly, Liverpool

Found on the seashore in Crosby, Merseyside. The Ravenhead Sanitary Pipe and Brick Co. was located alongside
Burtonhead Road in between Ravenhead Colliery's nos. 7 and 8 pits and nos. 9, 10 and 11 pits. It had been established around 1850 by W. Edwards, David Horn and John William Kelly, trading as Lavender and Co. with premises at Ravenhead Pottery and in Liverpool. In May 1857 Edwards left the partnership and the firm became Horn and Kelly and later the Ravenhead Sanitary Brick Company. In May 1874 the duo's partnership was dissolved and David Horn appears to have taken over the business and in 1875 it was registered as the Ravenhead Sanitary Pipe and Brick Co.  Info by David Kitching.

Frank Horner

Possibly: -
Frank Horner, Seamer Road, Scarborough.   Kelly's North & East Yorkshire Directory 1893: - Frank Horner ; works, Seamer Road ; office, 111 Falsgrave Road, Scarborough.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.


Found in Derby by Frank Lawson - made by Thomas Horridge, Awsworth Road, Ilkeston, Derbys


Horsforth brickworks was situated off Butcher Hill, Hawksworth, Leeds, adjacent to the Leeds - Harrogate railway line. It was worked by Benjamin Whitaker & Sons in Kelly 1908 and last listed as operating in the telephone directory of 1939. Site landfilled during the 1950s.  Image PRBCO.

Horsley - see entry for Bailey


Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.

Hosea Tugby

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation, Rugeley.  Hosea Tugby & Co. is recorded at the Albion Works, Woodville, Staffs. in Kelly’s 1876 & Whites 1877 editions. In the London Gazette dated 16th October 1872, Hosea Tugby is recorded as giving notice regarding his improvements to kilns for burning bricks, pipes & tiles. This is followed by a US Patent for his improvements in July 1873. Hosea Tugby & Co. is next recorded at the Briton Potteries, Moira, Ashby De La Zouch in Kelly’s 1891 to 1900 editions. In a 1900 web mining reference, the Briton Colliery owned by the Company & recorded as mainly a clay mine, was abandoned with S. Wheatley as Manager. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell. 


Thanks to Maurice Atherton for the photo

 Although adjacent to Backworth Collieries 'C' Pit the yard was not commercially connected, its origins dating back to the 1870's when the original 'Foster' firebricks were first produced, and despite changes of ownership the brand continued to be used over a 90 year period, becoming one of the North of England's major producers. As and aside, during the 1930's the firm diversified into the production of red-facing bricks which used the 'Hotspur' name and although this business prospered during the period of WW2, at the cessation of hostilities it was decided to concentrate on fireclay products. Ironically, the works having to finally close in 1967 due to subsidence of the nearby mining activities.  Info by Arthur Brickman.

Hough & Co, Kings Heath, B'ham

Photo by Ray Martin.

Owned by John Hough, Hough & Co are listed in Kelly’s 1899 to 1915 editions at Priory Estate Brick Works, Kings Road, Kings Heath, Birmingham. I have a gap in trade directories until 1940 & in this edition Hough & Co. are still listed. The works closed in 1960. John also owned the Kings Norton Brick Co. on Wharf Road, Kings Norton & a brick from this works can be seen on the K page. Info & Photographed at Oldfield Reclamation Yard, Old Hill, Cradley Heath by Martyn Fretwell.


Gordon Hull found this one after a small barn had been demolished at Langley Moor, County Durham. There were two brickworks at Howden on Tyneside one in Howden Dene worked by T W Weir and one in Howden by Weir and Williams obviously linked in some way. Gordon has a date for Howden Dene at 1890 and 1885 for Howden


Situated by the confluence of the North and South Tyne rivers near Acomb, Hexham. P J Davison in Brick & Tile Works Sites in N E England, unpublished, c1970, lists the works as operating 1884 - 1906 as the Howford Brick Co. The brick was found at Featherstone Park in the South Tyne valley. Image PRBCO.


Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Simon Patterson

Found by Martyn Fretwell near Kiveton Park, Sheffield.

Hubbard, E. Dereham

W Hubbard, East Dereham Found near Gressenhall, Norfolk by Chris Dixon.


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Hudsons, West Hoathly

Photo by Vladimir Smirnov.  Jon Driver writes: works now owned by Ibstock brick, who still use this frog marking.

Photo by Richard Symonds.


Nelson and Co. of Carlisle opened a firebrick works at the South Tyne Colliery in 1848 known as the South Tyne brick works on either side of Haltwhistle beck. By 1861 Thomas Hudspith was renting the works from them and they sold the works to William Hudspith by an agreement dated 16th February 1866. The works consisted of brick and tile kilns, drying flats, engine house, clay house and machine house.   By 1870 there was little room for expansion and William Hudspith opened the South Tyne Sanitory Pipeworks by the railway. The works closed by 1917.  Listed in the 1884 and 1894 Kelly's directories. Not to be confused with Hudspith of Wishaw, Scotland.  Photo and info by Solway Past.

Hugh Facey

This brick came from a site in Exeter, Devon and formed part of the upper courses of a 19th century well.  The initials "HF" stamped on the brick refers to Hugh Facey, the builder responsible for construction of York Cottages and York Buildings and the well in the late 1810s-early 1820s.  Thanks to Andrew Tizzard for the photo and info.

B Hughes, Maker

B. Hughes is listed at Kingswinford, Dudley in Kelly’s 1860 edition. Info by Martyn Fretwell & Photo by Keith Hodgkins.

Hughes, Cobridge

Photographed at Macclesfield Reclamation yard by Martyn Fretwell. John Hughes was a partner in earthenware manufacturing at Waterloo Road Works and Bleak Hill Pottery in Burslem/Cobridge. He appears to have opened a brickworks at Bleak Hill during the 1840s and is listed as a brick manufacturer in the 1851 census. In 1861 he was employing 17 men, 6 women and 4 boys. The business seems to have passed to John's son Elijah around 1870.

Around 1870 Elijah Forrester Hughes took control of the brickworks at Bleak Hill started by his father John in the 1840s. In 1881 the census shows him as a fire brick manufacturer employing 11 men. he moved his home from Burslem to Little Haywood by 1891 and retired from the business before 1901. The last entry for this works in the trade directories is in 1896. Photo and info by David Kitching.

Hughes Bros. Old Hill

Simon Patterson photographed this one at Avoncroft Museum.  Martyn Fretwell writes :- The Hughes Brothers are listed at Station Road, Old Hill, Staffs. in Kelly’s 1908 to 1940 editions.

Hulme Plastic

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Found at Holcombe Brook, Lancs.  Made by  Hulme & Schofield Plastic Brick Co. Horwich.

Hulme & Schofield, Horwich

Listed in Kelly 1918 at Victoria Works, Victoria Road, Horwich near Bolton, info and image PRBCO.

Hulton, Bolton

Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.

Hulton Brickworks, Hunger Hill, Bolton.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.


The Humberstone Brick Co. was on Morton Road, West Humberstone, Leics. & was managed by M. Adey Forrest. The works is recorded in Kelly’s from 1895 to 1900 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


A 'Humble' Firebrick, produced at Eltringham in the Tyne Valley, dating probably to the 1870's at the latest, and before the establishment of the Colliery Brickworks.  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

Huncoat, Accrington

The centre word is DURO - short for durable?

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Thanks to Brian Hartley for the photo

Photo by Richard Paterson

Found on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.  Thanks to 'Capitol 203' on Flickr for identifying it!

Photo by Colin Driver.


W. Hunt, Bolehill, Wirksworth is listed Kelly's 1855 & 1864 editions. Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Robert Hunt

Robert (Bob) Hunt, produced bricks between 1891 to 1896 at his small works behind 25 & 27 Ripley Road, Heage, Derbys. These two houses were the last houses to built using his bricks after he went bankrupt in 1896. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


A very crudely made 'HUNTER' brick made by the Charlaw & Sacriston Collieries Company in the 1870s. The name 'HUNTER' related to the company owner at the time, later bricks were marked 'CHARLAW', see separate entry.  Photo and info by Ian Hunter.

Hunter Walker


It is thought that this brick is pre-1880 & was made at a works owned by the 11th Marquess of Huntly, Charles Gordon who lived at Orton Longueville Hall near Peterborough. No maps show a brickworks on the Marquess’s estate, but may have been one the works which where situated south of Fletton and next to the Marquess’s Estate, as shown on the 1887 OS map. 1877 saw the introduction of the Fletton type of brick which were made from the harder Oxford clay found deeper underground. Bricks made of surface clay were soon discontinued in this area. Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.


West Hunwick Silica & Firebrick Co Ltd, Bishop Auckland.  Photo and info by Mark Cranston.

Hurdiss & Co, Barbourne, Worcester.

Simon Patterson photographed this one at Avoncroft Museum

Found in the river Teme at Knighton, Powys. Image PRBCO.


Found near Stratford on Avon by Alwyn Sparrow.

Hutchinson & Hill

No Info. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Robert Hutson

Robert Hutson is listed as brickmaker at Eastwood, Rochford, Essex in Kellys 1899 to 1906 editions. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Hyatt Bros.

The Hyatt brothers lived in the parish of Wolstanton, Newcastle-under-Lyme.  The two brothers, who were farmers, had their brick and tile yard, which was known as Highfield Tileries, behind Morton House in Wolstanton near to the Wolstanton Colliery (coal&clay).  It is known that the yard was being worked in the 1860s and the Hyatt brothers are known to have worked the yard until the 1890s.  This yard was reopened in the early 1900s by G.H.Downing, it was still making bricks and tiles until the 1920s when it was eventually closed.  Photo and description by Ken Perkins.


  Made at Patent Hydraulic Saggar, Brick, & Marl Co. Limited, Boundary Street, Hanley.  Photo by Martin Fretwell, additional info by David Kitching

Hyndburn, Accrington

Photo by courtesy of John Tibbles

Photo by Richard Paterson

Next page: English bricks, page 11, Letter I 
Return to the England index page