"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England - page 17, Letter N.


N: see Newington or Newdigate (Surrey)

N & A Bk Co: see Nottingham & Awsworth Brick Co.

N B: see North Bitchburn

N B C: see New Brancepeth Colliery

N C: see Norbury Colliery

N C & Co: see Newton Chambers

N C B: see North Cornwall Brick

N P B: see New Peterborough Brick Co.

N P B High Carr: see Nonporous Tile Co.

N P C: see Porth

N S Brick Co. Hartshill: see North Staffordshire Brick Co - 2


N. Hetton

 


N.E. Brick & Tile


N. E. B. Bedlington

Found in County Durham, photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


N-H Plate



Nadin



J & N Nadin & Co.Ltd., Stanton, Burton on Trent from  Kelly's Derbyshire Directory 1912.   Joseph & Nathaniel Nadin owned several collieries in the South Derbyshire area including Stanton & Stanhope.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.


Nailstone Colliery, Leicester





Nailstone Colliery had been owned by Joseph Joel Ellis in the 1870ís, before he went on to sink Ellistown Colliery and build a brickworks there. I have a mining reference to Nailstone brickworks still being in operation in 1923, but in another reference, the brickworks, kilns and colliery were derelict by 1930. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

National Brick Works, Watery Lane, Birmingham



Parkfield & National Brick Co. Bordesley Green & Keeley Street, Watery Lane, Birmingham Kellyís 1908. Photo by courtesy of the Harold Hands collection. Info by Martyn Fretwell.


National, Heather & National Brick Co, Heather

Photos by Martyn Fretwell, See entry for Neal, Heather for Company history.


Naylor



Possibly: - Henry Naylor, Newbold, Chesterfield, Derbys.  White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1879. Post Office Derbyshire Directory 1876. Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Naylor Bros, Denby Dale

Naylor Brothers is listed in Kelly 1897 and 1908 under Firebrick Manufacturers and was principally a maker of salt glazed earthenware pipes.  The works was situated by the station at Denby Dale, West Yorkshire.  image and info PRBCO.


Neal, Heather

Neal & Co. Ltd were producing bricks at Heather, Leics. in 1901, by 1903 they had changed the company name to the National Brick Co. At a date unknown they amalgamated with the Star Brick & Tile Co. Ltd of South Wales. In 1971 the National Star Co. including the works at Heather was acquired by Butterley Brick / Hanson Plc. Closing fairly recently (2012), the site is being sold for redevelopment. Also see entries for National Brick Co.(England) & Star Brick & Tile Co.(Wales). Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.  Martyn adds, December 2014, that John French Neal, Heather, Ashby De-La-Zouch is recorded as brickmaker in Kellyís 1899 & 1900 editions. 



Photo by Peter Harris.

Charles Neaverson



Charles Neaverson is listed as brickmaking at Peakirk, Peterborough in Kellyís 1898 edition & then at nearby Werrington in Kellyís 1906 & 1910 editions. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell, courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

A Neill

Archibald Neill (1825-1874) was born in Musselburgh and came to Bradford as a young man to work with his brother Robert, a contractor of Manchester. Neill remained in Bradford and rose to become the head of the most important building firm in the mid-19th century City. He employed 1000 men and had his own quarries (Oak Bank, Wrose Hill ashlar quarry) and sawmills. He finally concentrated most of his efforts at Field Head, Listershills, Bradford which was a very large site indeed. The only brick-mark I know of is  [A.NEILL]. It is possible that Neill's brickworks was not at Field Head since a press report describes the death by burning of an employee at 'Neill' s brickworks' at Batley Carr (between Batley and Dewsbury). Neill was was universally respected but died young of a chronic stomach ailment and was buried at Bradford's famous Undercliffe Cemetery.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the photo and information.


Nelson

Nelson is an industrial town in Lancashire.  Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Nelson and Altham are both in Lancashire.  The Nelson Brick Company is listed in Kelly, Lancashire 1908, while a brickworks at Altham was established c1890 on the banks of the Leeds & Liverpool Canal.  The works became a subsiduary of the Burnley Brick & Lime Company in 1896. Image PRBCO.



Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.

Netherend



Martyn Fretwell writes :- I believe this one was made by Joseph King & Co. at his Chapel Terra Cotta Works on Park Lane, Cradley, Halesowen, (see separate entry). The works was situated to the right of the Park Lane Tavern in an area called Netherend & the site now has factories built upon it. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection. 

J Nethersole, Sandwich



No info - Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Newark



This brickworks on Massey Street, Newark was owned by Mrs. Emily Blagg and the history of her works can be read in this article by Tim Warner.   Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of Newark & Sherwood Museum Services.


Newbold



Spotted in the main yard at Claymills Pumping Station by Alan Murray-Rust.  Alan writes: Old maps show that the brickworks site was formerly a colliery, but with an associated ceramics industry. It first appears on the 1903 1:2500 as Staunton Colliery and Brickworks, the marked buildings being more prominently the latter than the former (? was the colliery still being sunk and the spoil used for brickmaking?). By 1923 it has become Worthington Colliery and Pipeworks. Although a couple of shafts are marked, there are no tramways shown, but there appear to be 8 round kilns. By the 1955 1:10560 edition it is simply Worthington Pipe Works, and there is a new colliery site (New Lount) to the south of Newbold village, possibly working the same deposits as the old pit. This shows some later structures at the pipeworks north of the original which when seen on the 1962 1:2500 include what I assume to be a rectangular Hoffmann-style kiln a bit to the north of the original site. This is where the still-existing chimney stands.



Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

New Brancepeth Colliery



Photo by Jon Gluyas.  History of the colliery.

Newburn

Newburn is a small town on the river Tyne to the west of Newcastle. The brickworks was part of the North Wallbottle and Blutcher Colliery Company and had its own tram/railway system from the pit to the brickworks and on to the staiths at Lemmington-on-Tyne. The brickworks was in existance from the 1850s to 1965. The buildings were demolished in 1979 and the site is currently a council recycling plant. The sister plant, Throckley Brick Works (originally owned by the same company and on the same tramway) is still in existance and is owned by IBSTOCK although it has been modernised. Newburn bricks were mainly used for industrial building work including sewers, tunnels and arches.  Thanks to Mick Lynch for the photo and information.



Photo by Alan Davies.

Newby



Martyn Fretwell writes:  This brick only measures 12cms x 5cms x 3.5cms. I am taking it to be a salesman's sample or a small brick used in the construction of fireplaces in the 1940ís ?  I found it in Derbyshire.

Newcastle

Photo by Mark Cranston.


New Cross



Brickworks in Old Heath Road, Wolverhampton. In 1958/59 directory.  Photo and info by Ray Martin
Newfield



A furnace lining brick. Newfield was just outside Bishop Auckland in County Durham and was the site of Bolckow and Vaughan's brickworks.  Photo by courtesy of the Ian Stubbs collection.

Newhey

Newhey is a suburb of Rochdale and its brick and terracotta works opened in 1899 and closed in the 1930's.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.



Photo taken in Harrogate by David Gamble.

New P P Brick Co. Sheffield



New Plastic Patent Brick Co., Halifax Road, Wadsley Bridge, Sheffield.   White's Sheffield & Rotherham Directory 1905 / 1908 / 1911.

In Whiteís Directories Charles Keyworth seems to mentioned for the first time in 1898 as the proprietor of the New Patent Plastic Brick Company in Wadsley Bridge. The last time he is mentioned is in 1913 when the address is given as Halifax Road. In 1916 The New Patent Plastic Brick Company in Halifax Road is listed wiith Mrs. Elizabeth Brindley as proprietress. Thereafter neither Company nor proprietress seem to occur any more but it seems that the site may have been taken over by The Sheffield Brick Co.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

New Peterborough Brick Co.



Photo by Tom Langton.  Brickmakers of Farcet and Fletton. Formed in 1896 as the Peterborough Brick Co. Ltd. but reformed after acquiring new sites in 1897 as the New Peterborough Brick Co. Ltd. Sold to the London Brick Co. Ltd. in 1924.

Newthorpe



An article from the London Gazette:  John Salmon, Isaac Bircumshaw, John Rowbottom, and William Clarke Lowe, of Newtborpe, in the parish of Greasley, Nottinghamshire, Brick and Tile Makers, trading under the name of the Newthorpe Brick Company, is this day dissolved by mutual consent.óDated this 16th day of January, 1879.   Photo & Info supplied by Martyn Fretwell.

Newton - see Marbrow


E Newton



Edward Newton was a brick maker in Leicester in the late 1800ís . He is listed as trading from 18 Cobden Street in a directory of 1870 and is then listed in Kellyís directory for 1881 at Melbourne Road. A map of 1884 shows a group of clay pits in this area but the owners are not individually  named on the map so it could be one of these that he owned. This brick was recovered from a house built in 1870 on Princess Road East.  Photo and info by Dennis Gamble.

Newton Cap

David Oliver writes:  Near Bishop Auckland, County Durham. A firebrick works was set up here in the 1880ís by Henry Stobart and Partners. It continued to operate into the 1980ís when it was owned by the Hepworth Iron Company



Newton Cap Colliery and Brickworks were situated north of Bishop Auckland near Toronto, with a siding onto the Bishop Auckland to Durham railway line. Image PRBCO.

Newton Chambers

Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Newton Chambers Co.Ltd., Thorncliffe, Chapeltown, Sheffield.  Newton Chambers owned coal, chemical, steel and brick works at Chapeltown to the north of Sheffield. They also produced the famous "Izal" products and "Churchill" tanks during WW2.


Newton, Lancs



Photo by Ian Miller, Newton le Willows possibly?

New Byron Brick Co. Palterton, see entry for Byron


New Century, Darwen

Photo by David Kitching

Brian O found this one on the Dee estuary foreshore.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


New Haden, Cheadle

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection. New Haden Colliery was acquired by John Slater in 1917 and became part of his Berry Hill group in 1922. A brickworks was opened at New Haden to use clay worked from measures adjacent to the Little Dilhorne seam at the colliery. It was still operating in 1947 although the colliery had closed in 1943 although looks as if in later the works was using pit shale from the tips as a raw material. Info by David Kitching.


New Star Brick Co.



Peter Harris made this on the machine that came from New Star Works in Leicester at Barkby Thorpe.  The machine is currently exhibited at Snibston Museum. This is due to close in 2015.

Newdigate



Newdigate Brickworks, Surrey.  Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.
Newington



Martyn Fretwell writes: Made at Newington, near Sittingbourne.

New Monckton Collieries

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  This colliery was near Royston in South Yorkshire.



Photo by John Pease.

T Nicholls & Co. St. Enoder



Burthy Brickworks, Summercourt, Cornwall SW919557. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Noble



The Noble families operated brickworks at both Penshaw, south of the Wear and at Washington to the north. This standard sized firebrick could therefore have been produced at either location, the simplified lettering giving no clues as to its age. Without an initial, directories quote both 'T' and 'T.R.', tying it down is almost impossible, unless of course you can offer some further information?  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

W. Nock, Erdington



Started by William Nock (born Birmingham around 1855, died 1894) in the 1870's with large pit located at Holly Lane, Erdington, Birmingham. After closure, the pit was used for waste disposal, including industrial waste. It was later capped and became an open space although there are outline plans to build 250 homes on the area.  Photo and info by Ray Martin.



Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thorburn Collection.



This one has an added 'Star of David'. Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the John Baylis Collection.

J Noden & Co. Hanley



Joseph Noden started his brickworks which was located just off Leek New Road, Sneyd Green in 1874 & he is listed in Kellyís 1880 to 1900 editions at Sneyd Green, Cobridge, Burslem, SOT. He also produced bricks for the Potteries Brick Company, a trade organisation which stamped their bricks P.B.Co. Ltd. & a letter to signify the maker. Info & Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.

Nonporous Tile Co.



Photo by Mike Gregg.  This brick is the product of the Nonporous Tile Co, High Carr Tileries, near Chatterley in North Staffordshire.

The works was close to the High Carr Colliery of Ralph Sneyd to which he built a railway branch in 1860. The pit was mainly supplying ironstone to the Goldendale Ironworks. By 1872 the works was in the possession of J.H. Williamson who was running the ironworks with his brother E.W. Williamson.

The first reference to the Non-Porous Tile Co is in 1894 and then in 1897 the trade directories list J.H. Williamson & Co, High Carr Tileries. They opened a new brickyard in 1897 and in 1898 it had five beehive kilns. It appears that this was a replacement for the works at the old High Carr Colliery as by this time a new pit had opened a short distance to the south of the original one which had been abandoned.  In 1920 the works is stil listed as J.H. & E.W.Williamson Co, Non-Porous Tile Works, but in 1924 it is under the Nonporous Tile Co.

Shortly after the High Carr Tileries were acquired by J.F.E. Rowley Ltd and they subsequently ran the business in their own name until it closed in 1956.  Thanks to David Kitching for the info.

Nonsuch, Epsom



History of the works.  Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Norbury Colliery







The Norbury Colliery brickworks was operated by Messrs Clayton & Brooke in the nineteenth century. The works was located behind the Robin Hood pub on the north side of the main road from the colliery which was situated between Hazel Grove and High Lane in Cheshire. It appears that brickmaking ended with the closure of the colliery in 1892.  Photos and info by David Kitching.

T


Found near Taxal in Cheshire by Frank Lawson.



David Kitching writes: this is almost certainly pre-1878 when the pit where I found it was closed and there has been no development use of the (very rural) area since.

Norbury Moor



Photographed at a reclaim yard in Beeston Castle, Cheshire.  David Kitching writes: The Norbury Moor brickyard was situated on Jackson's Lane in Hazel Grove, near Stockport, Cheshire, and appears to have started production c1890. It still appears on the 1907 surveyed 25" OS map, but probably didn't survive the First World War. The map shows a large preparation building and four round kilns.

Nori: see Accrington Nori

Norman



Made by E & R Norman of Chailey Potteries, East Sussex. The brickyard was opened in the late 17th Cent, extended to the north and east in the 19th & 20th centuries and were still in operation in 1993 as part of the Redlands group. Richard Calchin had two brick-kilns on South Common in 1711. John Pullman acquired the site in 1721 and sold it to George Colvin in 1734. In 1762 John Billinghurst of Ditchling brickworks became the owner and in 1792 his trustees sold the yard to Richard Norman, who was already working there. The business was then managed by successive generations of the Norman family until it was sold to Redland Bricks Ltd in 1959. They produced kiln-fired bricks, tiles and drainpipes with glazed and unglazed pottery and mathematical tiles added to the range in the 19th century; since 1960 clamp bricks only.( M. Beswick, Brickmaking in Sussex, pages 129-130.)  Photo and research by Richard Symonds collection.

Norman & Underwood



The company was started by Thomas Norman and Thomas Underwood as plumbers and glaziers in Leicester in 1825. Thomas Underwoodís son John joined the company in the 1860ís and became a partner. By the 1880ís the company was employing fifty men & boys, it was at this time the company diversified into building & brickmaking. The company was originally on Freeschool Lane for 180 years and now the site is part of the Highcross Shopping Centre. The present day company - high quality roofing & glazing is run by seventh generation decendant, Johnathan Castleman.  Info and Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Normanby

A brickworks located close to Nunthorpe, South of Middlesbrough.  Found at South Gare, near Redcar, August 2008 by Alex Betteney.





Photo by Jon Gluyas.



Found in Longframlington, photo by Alan Murray Rust.

Normanton Brick Co.

Normanton is a town near Wakefield in West Yorkshire and the brickworks is still in business today.

Found in a garden in Leeds, photo by Steve Kind



 The brickworks site on Wakefield Road remains in situ (February 2014) with Company succession listed in Trade Directories as follows:- 1887 - 1893 Wilson & Kirk, 1897 - Kirk, 1901 - 1922 Westfield Brick Co.  Image PRBCO.

Norris, H Hempsted



 Itís recorded that the Norris family established a brickworks at Leverstock Green, Hemel Hempstead in 1848. D. Norris & Son are listed in Kellys 1860 edition through to itís 1882 edition. Kellys 1886 edition now records Robert R. Norris as the owner of the Leverstock Green Works & Robert continues to be listed up to 1899 edition. Around 1897 Robert establishes a new works at nearby Bennetts End (as shown on the 1897 OS map) & was called the Acorn Works. Robert R. Norrisís company was then re-named & Kellys 1902 edition records the Leverstock & Acorn Red Brick Co. with Richard R. Norris as Managing Director at Bennetts End, Hemel Hempstead, so Richard R. Norris had taken over. The 1897 map still shows the Leverstock Green works, but itís not shown on the 1923 map, so with the listing of only the Bennetts End works in 1902 the Leverstock Green works must have closed by 1902. Richard. A. Norris is now recorded as Managing Director from Kellyís 1908 edition through to itís 1933 edition. The 1937 edition only lists the company name. The last listing for the L & A Red Brick Co. is in the 1944/5 edition of the Herts & Essex Trade Directory & the works may have closed soon after as the land was acquired for the "New Town" development. Also see entry for Leverstock & Acorn Red Brick Co. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

B North, Wortley



Benjamin North, Wortley Firebrick Works, Upper Wortley Road, Leeds.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection

North & Pflaum



Photo by Martyn Fretwell, from the Phil Sparham Collection.  Phillip Rothery has added some background information:  Benjamin North is listed in trade directories from 1863 as sole maker.  By 1890, North is in partnership withRaywood and by 1898 he is in partnership with Pflaum at Wortley Moor Road, Leeds.  the two names are linked in the directories until 1911/1912 although there is a later entry in 1922.  The 1908 edition lists North & Pflaum (white, glazed and coloured), Wortley Firebrick Works, Upper Wortley Road, Leeds.

Northam - Eye Green

Found on the site of the factory at Eye Green, near Peterborough. One of many small manufacturers around Peterborough.  Subsumed by the London Brick Co. in the 1920s.  Photo and info by Chris Dixon.  Link to history of the works.



Photo by LBC Steve.

North Cornwall Brick & Tile



North Cornwall Brick & Tile Co Ltd, St Columb Rd SW911595. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.



North Cornwall Brick & Tile Co Ltd, Tolcarne SW818614. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Northcot

Northcot Brickworks , Blockley, Moreton in Marsh, Gloucs.   The Northcot brickworks was started by Captain Spencer Churchill, a cousin of Sir Winston Churchill, back in 1927 to provide employment for people in the area, particularly those on his estate, and to him it was as much a hobby as a business. Following Captain Churchillís death in 1964 E.H. Smith purchased the site and still continue brick production.  I*nfo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Northern

Thanks to George for the photo.



Photo by Richard Symonds, taken at Amberley Chalkpits Museum.

Northern, Summerseat

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Found at Holcombe Brook - Summerseat is between Ramsbottom & Bury in Lancs.


North Bitchburn, Darlington

Found near Chesterfield by Simon Patterson.

North Bitchburn is located 3km south of Crook. County Durham.  These firebricks are spread far and wide.  Listed in P.J. Davison, Brick and file works sites in North East England c1970 as Sanitary Pipe and Fireclay Works, North Bitchburn Colliery 18?9 - 1969. Image PRBCO.


North Shields



Made in North Shields on Tyneside.  Photo taken at Beamish.



Photo taken by George.

North Staffordshire Brick and Tile Co. - 1

The North Staffordshire Brick & Tile Co. Ltd. had an extensive works at Chesterton, 
Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffs. VITROS seems to have been a trade brand which the
company used for a number of its products. The photo above is a Staffordshire 
Blue brick, so coloured by regulating oxygen levels within the kiln during firing.


This example is a VITROS smooth red 1Ĺ inch thick paviour/ coping brick.
Thanks to Tim Lawton for the above information.


North Staffordshire Brick Co. - 2

 

Martyn Fretwell writes :- There is the possibility that the N.S. on this Hartshill brick could stand for North Staffordshire. There is a North Staffordshire Brick & Tile Co. at Chesterton (Vitros Brand) but the two companies may be unrelated. With the help of Tim Lawton who has found one of these bricks on Garner Street, Stoke, Tim has established that a brickworks that he has found on a map dated 1879 located between todays North Street & the old Market Drayton railway branch line is a good contender for where this brick was made. This Hartshill works may have closed by 1890 as it is no longer shown on a map dated 1899 & I have found no trade directory entries for a N.S. Brick Co at Hartshill. If anyone can confirm the company name of this brick, please contact David. Photographed at Apedale Heritage Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Norton



Photo taken at Bursledon Brick Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Nostell





Nostell is a village near Wakefield, West Yorkshire.  Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  The works is still open today as part of Ibstock Brick. It contains a very old building early 1900's that is still used for making special bricks.



Image PRBCO

Nottingham & Awsworth Brick Co.



Nottingham & Awsworth Brick Co. Awsworth, Nottingham Kellyís 1876 edition.  Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.

Nottingham Builders & Brick Co.



The Nottingham Builders Brick Co. is first recorded in Kellyís 1876 at Sneinton Hill. In the 1885 edition the works is then recorded as Carlton Road, which may be the same site and this works continues to be listed in Kellyís until itís final available edition in 1941. The works closed in the late 1950ís / early 1960ís. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell. Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

Nottingham Patent Brick



The Nottingham Patent Brick Co. was formed by two Nottingham brickmakers Edward Gripper & William Burgass in 1867 & they were later joined by Robert Mellors in 1881. This company is record in Kellyís from 1876 with works at Carlton & Mapperley with entries for Thorneywood Lane, Woodborough Road, Mapperley Hill, Burgass Road & Arnold all being listed in later editions. In 1969 production at Mapperley & Carlton Hill ceased only leaving Dorket Head at Arnold. The brick inscribed made at middle yard Mapperley 2nd May 1969 was the last brick to be made there. In 1976 the company dropped Patent from itís name & then in 1987 the Dorket Head Works was acquired by the Marley Brick Co. The works changed hands again in 1993 becoming part of the Tarmac Group. 1996 sees the change to the present day owners of the works Ibstock. The Company is most famously known for producing the millions of bricks required in the building of St. Pancras Railway Station & Hotel in the 1860ís. Info & Photos by Martyn Fretwell, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.





Commemorative last brick from Mapperley works. Photo by Martyn Fretwell, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.



Photo by Jeff Sheard, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries.

Nunnery Colliery



Nunnery Colliery was sunk in the early 1860ís close to the city centre of Sheffield and a brickworks was established in the early 1900ís, producing half a million bricks per month. The colliery & brickworks were Nationalised in 1947 with the pit closing in 1953. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell from the David Penney Collection.

G. Nutter, Kettering



 G. Nutter, Wellingborough Road, Kettering is listed in Kellys 1854 edition, then the 1869 edition reads, G. Nutter, Horse Market, Kettering. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Next page: English bricks, page 18, Letters O to Q 
Return to the England index page