"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks page 18a - Letters: Pi to Q

Edward Pickles

Edward Pickles is listed at 'Manuels', Cullingworth in Kelly West Riding, 1904 and 1908.  The works is also shown on the O S map of 1920, though was probably abandoned by this time.  Found at Moat Hill, close by the brickworks site.  Info and image PRBCO.

J Pidgeon, Patent, Birm.

James Pidgeon is listed at Ladypool Lane & Brighton Road, Sparkbrook, Birmingham in Kelly's 1867 to 1879 editions. Info & Photographed at Four Oaks Rec. Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

J. Piggin Stapleford

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.


Made at Battledown, Cheltenham.  Photo by Dave Crewe.

Pilkington Bros.

Pilkington's owned a number of collieries in the St Helens area and also the ancilllary brickworks. Greengate Colliery was at one time owned by the Greengate Brick and Tile Co. The colliery closed in 1915 but the brickworks appears to have continued after this. It was situated close to the railway on land at the rear of the current Pilkington's Greengate factory.  Thanks to David Kitching.


Pinewood Estate Brick & Tile Co. Chapel Lane, Little Hungerford. West Berkshire was in production between 1908 & 1967. More details of the works at this link. http://www.heritagegateway.org.uk/Gateway/Results_Single.aspx?uid=MWB15880&resourceID=1030  Info & Photographed at Bursledon Brick Museum by Martyn Fretwell.


Made in Pinxton near Bolsover, Derbyshire. Martyn Fretwell writes :- In or around 1890 the small Pinxton Brickyard was situated between No. 1 Colliery & Langton. Mr. Cotterill being the brickmaker, pressed Pinxton in every one. The firing up was very primitive and the bricks were sold for as low as 16/- (shillings) per 1,000. Piece rate wages were very poor. The site was next used to build Brookhill Colliery on but is now an industrial estate.

Pioneer, Buxton

Pioneer Co. Buxton, Derbyshire. Found by Colin Driver in Littleborough.

Martin Fretwell's blog on Pioneer may be read here.


This brick & tile works started in 1883, and was until 1900 a small village brickyard, operated by William Blundell, By 1927 it had expanded considerably now possessing four circular downdraught kilns, and a tramway to the quarry at the north end of the site. By 1940 the site was abandoned. Pitsford is a small village, north of Northampton, noted for the nearby reservoir, in Northamptonshire.  Photo and info by Nigel Furniss.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Place, Darwin

The front and back of a Place brick, photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Found at Ryhope Pumping Engines Museum. Photo by courtesy of the Ian Stubbs collection.


  Photo by Ray Martin.  This Planet brick was made by J.T. Price at his Kingswinford brick & tile works which was located across the road from Planet Colliery & St. Mary’s Church in Kingswinford and is shown on this map dated 1881.   

Photo by Charles H Ball.

Plant & Hammersley, Cobridge

Plant & Hammersley only appear in Kelly’s directory for 1876 and are listed as being at Dresden Mills, Hanley. Photo and information by David Kitching.


Plashetts is a small settlement in Northumberland about 22 miles (35 km) north west of Hexham.  The coal mine and adjoining brickworks are now submerged under Kielder Water.  Photo by Lisa Raisbeck.


Found at Cawarden near to some Accrington bricks, so could be from Lancashire. Photographed at Cawarden Rec. Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

R Platt, Barrow

Photo by Richard Cornish.

Plowman, Fletton

Photo by Tom Langton.

Spotted in Welwyn Garden City by Mark Plowman.

Plowman, Woolpit, Suffolk

T. Plowman owned the Kiln Farm Brick Kilns yard in Woolpit, Suffolk from 1869 to 1879 and he is listed in Kelly’s 1875 edition. This yard was later taken over by the Woolpit Brick & Tile Co. in 1883. Info and Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by Richard Symonds.

Found in Dungeness.  Pluckley is a small village in Kent, The brickworks opened in 1877 and the remains of the derelict works still stand.  Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Steve French.

Pluckley Stock Bricks (Redlands)

Photo by Richard Symonds, taken at Amberley Chalkpits Museum.

Plumb: see Harper & Moores, Stourbridge


Plymouth Fireclay Co SX426719. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.


Commonly seen around Pontefract, Pomfret being the 12th century name for the town.  Possibly made by Wilson & Walker, Monkhill, Pontefract.  Image and info PRBCO.

From a now demolished building in Pocklington. Photo by Leslie Waby.

Poole Fire Brick Co. Beacon Hill, Poole

Found by Alonso González Aguilar in Costa Rica.

Pope and Pearson

Pope & Pearson's Altofts brickworks situated between Wakefield
and Castleford.  Info by David Kitching.

Photo by Nigel Megson at Crofton, Wakefield

This brick came from a demolition site on a street called Silver Royd Hill, Leeds.  Photo by David Soulsby.

Pope & Pearson, New Hey

Made near Rochdale, photo by David Kitching.


Porritt & Son, Moss Side Brickworks, Lytham.  Found in Whitefield by Colin Driver.

Port Vale, Burslem

Ken Perkins believes this brick was made by John Cope at his Port Vale Tilleries around 1875 & John is listed at Port Vale in Kelly’s 1868 & 1872 editions as producing blue metallic bricks. Info & Photographed at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.


Porth Brickworks, Newquay SW832629. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Potter, Middlesbrough

Manufactured by Richard Potter b .1827 Banbury and d. 1880 Middlesbrough. He had a building and brick manufacturing business in Middlesbrough with his partner David Doull Wilson.  Information supplied by Julie Boynton.

Potter, Wallsend

Addison Potter started his Willington Quay Brickworks on the Tyne near Wallsend in 1846, an extension of the newly created Townely Cokeworks, he already owned Throckley Colliery and Brickworks further to the west.. Although the site was extended and additional kilns built in the early 1850's, some thirty years later the site had been turned into a Cement and Limeworks, with no further record of brick production. A find from the estuary at Seaton Sluice, the site of its Bottle & Glassworks, which offers a wealth of 19th century industrial artefacts!  Photo and info by Arthur Brickman.

Potter, Ilkeston

  Samuel & Philip Potter are recorded as brickmakers at Rutland Wharf, Ilkeston in White’s 1857 Directory. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Potteries Brick Co.

Tim Lawton writes:  The Potteries Brick Co was a marketing and sales merchanting company for a group of around eleven of the Potteries area brick producers. The company itself did not have a manufactory but must have had arrangements with the respective producers for them to press their wares with the P B Co. stamp. The P B Co. office address given at 17 Albion Street was part of/ adjacent to the Bethesda Methodist Church on Albion Street in Hanley. The building has long since been demolished. This town centre location confirms that the company was purely an administrative organisation. Whether the company itself was jointly owned by those respective manufacturers it acted as agent for is a question still to be answered. Likewise, the date of commencement of business is still unclear but as P B Co bricks can be found in many late 1800s/ early 1900s buildings I would suggest that the company had a sustained history through to 1966 when it was dissolved. In terms of those letters pressed into the bricks along with the PB Co Ltd name, I believe that each manufacturer was given a specific allocation of letters to use. I have various examples ranging from PB Co A through to R plus AB and AC. Which letters were used by each producer remains unclear. The Potteries Brick Co must have been very significant and influential business within the North Staffordshire area and beyond. It is still possible to find vast quantities of the company's marked bricks in the locality. From the old trade catalogue advertisement, the combined capacity to produce 3,000,000 bricks a week is a huge by today's standards, never mind in 1942.

Ken Perrkins has unearthed an advert, a copy of which is on the Photo Gallery page, showing the companies involved were: Berry Hill, Birchenwood, Bean's, Cobridge, D Duddell, Fenton Collieries, J Hewitt & Son Fenton, Leigh & Sons, J Noden, Wm. Palmer, Patent Hydraulic Sagger Brick & Marl (1927), Stafford Coal & Iron, Staffordshire Brick Co. Wall Grange, Sneyd Collieries, Stephens Bros. Fenton, T E Walley, Thos W Ward Apedale.

Thanks to Ian Castledine for the photos.

Photo by David Kitching.

Photo by Alan Murray-Rust.

Photo taken in Pontesbury for Michael Shaw.

 Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of Shropshire Museums.

Poulton, Reading

John Poulton & Son produced bricks, ridge tiles, chimney pots and moulded bricks at his Waterloo Kiln on Waterloo Road in Katesgrove, Reading. He was well known for producing terracotta dragon finials in the 1880’s. In 1908 Poulton sold his kiln to S & E Collier, Reading’s largest brick manufacturer who continued to produce various dragon finials & fancy bricks to Poulton’s designs at the Waterloo Kiln. Examples of these dragon finials can be seen all around Reading and also at the Griffins Head in Caversham. Photos & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


U. Poundall, Cotmanhay, Nottingham is listed in Kelly's 1855 edition as brickmaker. Info & Photographed at Derby Silk Mill Museum by Martyn Fretwell.


In 1875 extensive brickworks were erected by Lord Vernon's Poynton Collieries near Poynton railway station. They were established mainly for the purpose of utilising the pit shales drawn in the course of coal work and
also for the manufacture of ordinary bricks The works comprised a steam engine with a 16 inch cylinder, Boiler, Crushing and Grinding Machinery, pug mill and brick making machine (Morands). The machinery was made by Messrs. Easton and Tattersall of Leeds. The machine was reckoned to be capable of making 2 million bricks per annum at a labour cost of 10s per thousand. A brick drying shed in which the drying is effected by the exhaust steam of the engine was also erected. A patent brick kiln (Pollock & Mitchell) with 8 chambers was built, with
a chimney 120 feet in height.  By 1910 a third circular kiln had been added. The brickworks had closed by 1920 when it was offered for sale. Photo and information by David Kitching

Photographed at the Anson Engine Museum, Poynton

Pratt Southwick

 Made in Southwick, Sunderland.


The Premier Brickworks was owned by W.E. Washbourne & Co. on Parkfield Road, Wolverhampton & is listed in Kelly’s 1932 edition. In the 1936 & 1940 editions the Works is listed as Washbourne & Co & when the Company went into Liquidation on 5th April 1940 it was owned by Charles Oliver & Sidney Rawlings. Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Found in N. E. Derbyshire by Simon Patterson.  Made by the Aldridge Brick & Tile Company, see entry for Utopia for Company Info.

Press Hard

Found near Abergavenny.  Photo by Richard Paterson.  These 'Press Hard' bricks were made by the Broadmoor brickworks, Cinderford in the Forest of Dean, see separate entry.  Additional info by Phil Jenkins and Frank D Williams.

Preston Coal

Made at Preston colliery, North Shields near Newcastle

Price, Broomhill

Photo by Alwyn Sparrow


A Firebrick found in Barrow in Furness by Richard Cornish.

Prices Patent

 Found Drayton Bassett, Staffs. 2016 by Frank Lawson. Martyn Fretwell writes:- James Price is listed in the 1862 edition of the Birmingham Corporation Directory as brickmaking on Landor Street, Birmingham and this works is shown on maps as the Britannia Works. 
J T Price, Stourbridge

Found by Nigel Furniss in Fenny Compton.  Nigel's research follows: J T Price operated a brickworks and clay mine from the late 1860's.  In 1896 they are listed in Grace's guide as operating the Blakeley Wood mine for manufacturing coal and pyrites. ohn Thomas Price was listed as living at Aston Villas, Colley Gate in the 1884 Kelly's directory. In 1896 the company is listed as having 38 underground and 26 surface workers at the Blakeley Wood mine, Wednesbury.  In 1956 the company acquired Mobberley & Perry.  In 1957 they acquired E.J. & J Pearson - to be known as Price-Pearson Refractories.  1958 acquired Timmis & Co.  1961 acquired the West Hunwich Silica & Firebrick Co.  1962 opened the Albion Works, Brierley Hill.  1968 merged with J & J Dyson.

Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.

Princess Royal Colliery

Thanks to Duncan for this one.  Simon Ratty is sure that this one was made by the Princess Royal Colliery brickworks in the Forest of Dean.  This was in production from 1859 to March 1962.

Found on the Severn estuary between Sudbrook and Black Rock by Michael Kilner.

Procter & Benbow

George Procter was a farmer at Copshurst Farm at Lightwood, between Normacot and Meir Heath. He is listed as a brick manufacturer at Copshurst in the trade directories from 1864 -1868 and from 1869 trading as Procter & Benbow with his son-in-law Charles Benbow. In 1871 they were employing 7 men and 6 boys at the brickworks. George Procter was 81 years of age in 1871 and must have dies soon after as Charles Benbow is listed as trading on his own at Copshurst from 1873 until 1904. This brick must be from the short period of the partnership between 1869 and c1872.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Proctor & Lavender

Proctor & Lavender who were brick distributors owned two brickworks between 1936 & the mid 1970’s. These were the Forest of Dean Works at Cinderford, Gloucestershire & the Charnwood Works in Shepshed, Leicestershire. Both brickworks are still in production today operating under Coleford Brick & Tile Co. & Michelmersh PLC respectively. P & L based in Solihull with seven offices dotted around the country distributed bricks up to 1997 when they closed due to financial reasons. This example is a hand made Dark Bedford Grey facing brick made at Cinderford. Photo by Martyn Fretwell with info received from Tony Coleman & Simon Jones.


W.M.Proud, Carlton Miniott, Thirsk, N.Yorkshire.  Kelly's North & East Yorkshire Directory 1897.  Info. courtesy of Philip Rothery. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Prudhoe is on the south bank of the Tyne near Newcastle.

Pudney, Colne

Pudney & Sons, Colne Engaine near Colchester, Essex are listed in Kellys 1871 to 1910 editions. Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Discovered during a building recording by Worcestershire Archaeology in Kidderminster.  Photos by Shona Robson-Glyde.

Letter Q

Quarry Hill, Tonbridge

Made in Tonbridge, Kent.  Photo by Richard Symonds.

Queens, Blackburn

Thanks to Brian Hartley for the photo.

Listed in Kelly Lancashire, 1901 / 1918 as Queen Red Facing Brick Co., Rishton. This brick was found by the Leeds & Liverpool Canal, NW of Rishton. image PRBCO.

Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.

Quinta Colliery Co. Limited

Quinta Colliery was near Weston Rhyn and close to the Welsh border in North Shropshire. Photo by Richard Paterson.

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