"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

England - page 19, Letter R.

R C: Rowlands Castle

R & C: Ripley & Claxton, Heanor

R E & Co: R Entwistle & Co.

R H & S: Robert Heath

R R B Co.: Rock Red Brick Co.

R V: Rother Vale

R. P. D. Hereford

Image PRBCO. Richard Paterson writes: In their excellent book 'Herefordshire Bricks & Brickmakers' (Logaston Press, 2007), Edwin Davey and Rebecca Roseff identify Ralph, Preece, Davies & Co as owners of the Albert Brick & Tile Works at Holmer, Hereford. They quote an anonymous description, dated 1892, which states that the works had been 'established for about 50 years' and refer to another source which says that the demolition of the chimney stack was filmed in 1968 or 1969. Davey and Roseff suggest that, at one time, RPD may also have owned the Brickyard at Aylestone Hill, Hereford.


The Radcliffe Coal Company was sited at Amble quayside, Northumberland 1875 - 1955 - P.J. Davison, Brick and file works sites in North East England, c1970. Image PRBCO.


Rainbow was a trade name of Samuel Evers & Sons, Homer Hill works, Netherend Lane, Cradley, Halesowen, West Midlands. The red brick was made from colliery waste.  The Company made Firebricks and Fireclay goods and the works closed around 1970.  Photo by Michael Raybould.


A Lancashire brick, Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.

Rake, Littleborough

Colin Driver writes: I recently found the above in Littleborough very near to the former Rake Inn at the bottom of Blackstone Edge Old Road. Further enquiries resulting in me finding a listing in MacDonald's 1879 Directory of the "RAKE FIRE BRICK COMPANY - Halifax Road,Littleborough.

Rake F B Co. Manchester

Ian Miller writes: This is a refractory brick manufactured by the Rake Fire Brick Co Ltd of Manchester. From the very limited research I have carried out, it seems that this company was producing bricks from the early 1860s, when they appear in trade directories. By the late 1870s, the firm had premises on Lees Street in Ancoats (Slater 1879, 313). The last reference to the company in trade directories, however, is in 1883, suggesting that they may have ceased trading by the mid-1880s.  The attached example was recovered from a former industrial site in the Clayton area of east Manchester.


Ramrod Colliery & Brickworks was on Thorne Road, Whiteheath Gate near Rowley Regis and this works is recorded on two O.S. maps dated 1856 & 1902. I have found that Lord Dudley owned the colliery, so I expect he also owned the brickworks. The name Ramrod came from nearby Ramrod Hall which was built by Birmingham Iron Master William Hunt on land leased from the Earl of Dudley when all this area was all open countryside. William Hunt produced iron ramrods for the British Army at his Brades Ironworks during the American Civil War and this is how his home got it’s name. Under mining on this land resulted in Lord Dudley repurchasing the lease back from Hunt & the hall fell into disrepair. Today a school is now built on the site of the former brickworks. Info & Photographed at Carwarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Ramsay, Newcastle

Messrs G. H. Ramsay and Co, Fire Brick Works.  The founder of this business, Mr. G Heppell, first established his brickworks at Derwenthaugh.  Expansion plans were put in hand and the largest brickworks in the area were built, capable of completing 7 million bricks per annum.  Clay used in the making of the bricks was transported from the colliery which was about 300 yards away.  Thanks to George Simpson for the contribution.

These two examples were found in Kaliningrad, Russia by Vladimir.

Randlay, Salop

Started in 1838 by the Botfield family in Stirchley, now part of Telford.  It became the Randlay Brickworks in 1856.  The brickworks closed by the end of the 1960's with the loss of 91 jobs.  It was estimated that in the 1960s the brickworks could produce over 300,000 fiery red bricks in a week; sufficient to build 43 semi-detached houses.  More info here: http://blackcountryhistory.org/collections/getrecord/GB149_D-SSW_2_AB/

Gareth found hundreds of these in woodland near Telford.

Photo taken at a building refurbishment site in Shrewsbury by Mike Shaw.

Photo taken in Pontesbury by Mike Shaw.

Ravenhead Sanitary Pipe & Brick Co.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Both found on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.  

Fiona photographed this one in Bootle.

John Harrison has discovered that all the above are products of the Ravenhead company.  Their 1922 products book can be read here.


Richard thinks the W represents the Whitaker Brick Co., the owners of the works.

Ravenscar is a village around 12 miles north of Scarborough and has been described as 'the town that never was'. At the end of the 19th Century a development company bought the headland with a view to developing a town that would rival Scarborough and Whitby as a resort. Drainage was put in, ornamental gardens created, streets laid out and named and the nucleus of a shopping centre and a few houses were built, but the investors were unimpressed. The town for which Ravenscar Brickworks was established in 1900, by the Whitaker Brick Co, was never built. Nevertheless, the brickworks, set up in an old Alum Quarry, continued in production into the 1930s and, with the benefit of its own railway siding, provided bricks for, amongst other projects, the former Odeon Cinema in Scarborough. Though the two chimneys were demolished by the military in 1960, the substantial remains of the Hoffman kiln remain on land now owned by the National Trust.  Photos and information by Richard Paterson.

Ravensworth Birtley

M F Raybould

Marshall Frederick Raybould is recorded at Park Road, Harborne, Birmingham in Kelly’s 1876 to 1897 editions. With me previously finding a brick marked Partridge & Guest & Raybould of Old Hill between 1860 & 1872, I am working on the theory that Raybould left this partnership to form his own company with the Partridge & Guest company continuing at Old Hill until 1936. Info & Photographed at Carwarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

W Raybould

Walter Raybould is listed in Kelly’s 1899 to 1905 editions at Harborne Park Road, Harborne, Birmingham. The works had previously been operated by his father, Marshall Fredrick Raybould, see entry above. Info & Photographed at Cawarden Rec. Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Reading, Normanton, Derby

No Kelly’s info on Reading as brickmaker, but I have found that the Normanton Brick Works is marked on a 1900 OS map on Sinfin Lane, Normanton, Derby next to the Birmingham to Derby railway line. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Redbank, Measham

 The Redbank Brick Company is recorded in Kelly’s for 1895 and was on Atherstone Road along with two other brickworks - Measham Terra Cotta  & Coronet. The company may have taken its name from nearby Red Bank Farm. In 1955 the company produced bricks and pipes. 1983 saw the company expand to produce tiles, chimney pots and terracotta. Now owned by Hanson this works closed in 2009 to be replaced by an ultra modern automated brickworks on adjoining land.  Link to aerial photo from 1933 with Redbank in foreground with Coronet works on other side of railway line. Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Both found in North East Derbyshire.  Hanson have opened a £50 million brick factory at Measham in Leicestershire built on the landfill and stock site of the old Red Bank brick works. This new factory has the capacity to produce 100m bricks a year with just 28 people.  Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photos and information.

Photo taken by Jo Roesen at Broadway station Worcs, read their blog here.

Red Hill Bank Brick Works, Rocester, Derbyshire.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Found near Wirksworth in Derbyshire. Red Hill Bank brickworks was established in the 1890s alongside another brickworks, the Rocester Works adjacent to Rocester Station. By  1922 the two establishments appear to have amalgamated into one works which was still in business in the mid 1950s. The site is now occupied by the JCB factory.  Info by David Kitching.

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Redbourn, Crowle

  Crowle is near Scunthorpe in Lincolnshire.

Redding, Cambridge

Redding & Son are listed in Kelly’s 1879 to 1888 editions at Tennis Court Road, office & works, Newmarket Road, Cambridge.  Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Reddish, Beighton

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Frank writes: 'Beighton is an ex mining village to the south east of Sheffield and Gregory Reddish Co Ltd of Deepcar, Sheffield are listed as brickmakers in Whites Directory of 1919 - I wonder whether they also had a works at Beighton?'

Redfern, Swadlincote

Found at Stanton, Swadlincote, Derbys. by Frank Lawson.

Redland Flettons

W. Reed

Photographed at Beamish Museum

W. Reed

Spotted in a wall in Southsea, Hampshire by Nigel Furniss.  Most unlikely to have been from the same works as the other W Reed.

Regd Beryl: see Berry Hill

Rhodes, Pontefract

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Richard, Thomas & Baldwins, Crowle

Richard Thomas & Baldwins were a famous steelmaking company, their history may be read here.  Crowle is near Scunthorpe in Lincolnshire.

Thanks to Michaela for the above photo.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Richardson, Teynham

Made by Charles Richardson in Teynham, Kent. Photo by Tim Richardson.  

Charles Richardson

Found in Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell. Martyn thinks that that CR could be Charles Richardson of Vauxhall, London, His brickfield was at Teynham, Kent and his cement works at nearby Conyer. He owned wharves at Vauxhall and Conyer, using his own barges to transport his goods. His bricks were stamped CR. In the early 1880's he joined forces with John Francis Eastwood and four others to form Eastwoods Co. Ltd. supplying bricks to London, Kent and Essex by barge. An ever expanding Eastwoods went on to own many brickworks in Eastern and South-Eastern Counties of England including making Fletton bricks at Peterborough. See entry for Eastwoods. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

W Richardson, Wordsley

 William Richardson is listed in Kelly’s 1872 edition at Wordsley, Stourbridge. I have another reference to him owning the Naggersfield Brickworks located next to Naggersfield Colliery. This brickworks was situated just a short distance from Wordsley in Buckpool & is shown on a 1882 map. Info by Martyn Fretwell & Photo by Keith Hodgkins.

W W Riddell & Co., Garrison Farm

Made in Birmingham, photo by Ray Martin.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Chris Thornburn Collection.


Riddings is a village in Derbyshire . It is located 2 miles south of Alfreton.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Photographed in Kiburn, Derby.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell who writes: It appears Riddings bricks where made in Jacksdale, Notts, by James Oakes & Co. (Riddings Collieries) Ltd.  He owned several collieries, a very large iron works, situated next to the Cromford Canal and on another site next to Pye Hill Colliery, he manufactured clay pipes and bricks.  The Oakes family lived at nearby Riddings House, an 80 acre estate in Riddings, Derbyshire.  Nothing is left to see, on either site, to remind us of these glory days of manufacturing, only his bricks! 

Ridgefield, Castleford

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Ridgehill, Madeley

Photo and information by David Kitching.


From the now landscaped brickworks at Ridsdale, Northumberland. These works were probably disused by 1863 as the OS map of that year shows an 'Old Brick Works'.  Photo and info by Scottish Brickmarks.

W Riley

William Riley is listed at Halmer End, Newcastle, Stoke in Kelly’s 1880 edition. Info & Photo taken at Apedale Heritage Centre by Martyn Fretwell.


Spotted in Riddings, Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell who thinks it may have been made by Slack of Ripley.

Ripley, Hillsbro

Found in Sheffield 6 by Michaela.  Made at the Walkley Lane Brick Works which was owned by Henry Ripley.  These were operational from 1900 to 1904, thanks to A.K.A.Demik.

Ripley & Claxton, Heanor

Ripley & Claxton, Nelson Street, Heanor, Derbys.   Kelly's Derbyshire Directory 1895.  Photo courtesy of Derby Museums.  Info by Frank Lawson.

Rixon & Co. Wellingborough

This works was started in 1870 by James Rixon & he is listed in Kelly’s 1877 edition at Finedon Road bridge, Wellingborough. By 1883 James’ large works included a rectangular continuous kiln & a railway siding connecting the works to the main railway line. James also established an ironworks next to his brickworks in 1866. Rixon & Co. was taken over in 1899 by the Wellingborough Iron Co. who ran the brickworks until 1927.  Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Robert Heath see Heath

Roberts, Liverpool

Spotted on the beach at Crosby, Merseyside

Roberts, Tunstall

Anthony Roberts' brickyard was on Furlong Road opposite the Greengates Pottery and was later known as Newfield Marl Works.  It is only mentioned in the 1875-76 trade directory and is not listed in 1873-74 or 1879, by which time the works was being run by Charles Salt. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Joseph Roberts

Directories would suggest this brick was made by Joseph Roberts, Quarry Brick Works, Cleckheaton - 1889 to 1897, it having been found at nearby Hunsworth. Image PRBCO.

Robinson, Arnold

Samuel Robinson, brickmaker in Arnold, Nottingham is listed in Kelly’s 1876 to 1881 editions. Then in the 1885 to 1895 editions the entry is Robinson & Sykes, Dorket Head, Arnold, Nottm. This works was then sold to the Nottingham Patent Brick Co. in 1900 & bricks are still produced there today by Ibstock. Photo by Jeff Sheard, Courtesy of Nottingham City Museums & Galleries & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Robinson, Crowle

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Robinsons, Sheffield

Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Photo and information by David Kitching.

G Robinson, Masbro

This was made in Masborough, Rotherham and found by Simon Patterson in N.E. Derbyshire.

Found by Ray Martin at the postal sorting depot at Sutton Coldfield Park Station, originally built in 1942 as the
USAAF Postal Depot. During WW2, all US forces post to and from Europe was sorted at this depot.
After the war it was taken over and extended by Royal Mail.

A variant from this site, found in Rotherham, South Yorkshire. Image PRBCO.


Photo by Mark Cranston

Rocester Brick Co.

Helena writes: I am after the dates this was known as the Rocester Brick Co ltd.  I believe this became the Red Hill Works. Can you help?

Rochdale Brick Co.

A curved end brick, found on the foreshore at New Ferry, Wirral.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Mike Gregg.

Rock Red, Leeds

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

G Roe

George Roe of Cromford Road, Ripley is recorded in White's Directory for 1857. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Roe & Son, Hanford and Derby

Roe and Son are listed in trade directories of 1875 and 1879 as brickmakers at Hanford, Stoke-on-Trent.  Photo and information by David Kitching.  From the Ken Perkins collection.

This is the same company as the above. T. Roe & Son are listed as making red bricks at Siddals Road, Morledge, Derby in Kelly’s 1864 & 76 editions & blue bricks at Hanford, Stoke on Trent in Kelly’s 1860 to 1876 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


A modern brick made by a company in Oxford and used for outside garden walling.  Photo by Steve Cotgrove.

Rogers, Wheal Remfry

All made at Wheal Remfry Brick & Tile Works SW929577. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.


Photo by Paul Marshall.


Rosemary Blue Brick. Rosemary Brick and Tile Works.  In 1984 Redland acquired the company.  Thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.

Rose Hill

Rose Hill is in Marple, Stockport.  Photo by Alan Hulme


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Rother Vale

Found by Simon Patterson in Barlborough, Derbyshire and Harthill, South Yorkshire - only 2 miles apart.   R V stands  for Rothervale, the brickworks was at Thurcroft near Rotherham and was associated with Thurcroft Colliery which was owned  by the Rothervale Company.  Thanks to Frank Lawson for the info.

Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo

Rough Hay Brick Co. Darlaston

Found by the old police station near All Saints Church, West Bromwich, photo by William Whitehead.


Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside

R L Roveries

Photo by Mike Shaw and by courtesy of the Nick Southwick collection.  Made in Lydham, Shropshire


Photo and info by Richard Symonds:  Brickfield south of the former railway at Rowfant, nr Worth, Sussex. NGR TQ 330 365.  In existence by 1875; marked as Rowfant Brick Works from 1912 onwards and said to have closed in the early 1960s, although it was referred to as Hundred Acres Brickworks, Turners Hill in 1972. James Terry advertised from 1875 to 1907. George Wells, who had another brickyard south of the former railway at Grange Road Station, Crawley Down, took over the yard. After WWII it was run by W. Harbour & Sons, of Copthorne. The map of 1910 shows a railway line into the works and 7 kilns: three circular and four rectangular.

Rowland, Dukinfield

William Rowland was operating a brickyard at Birch Lane, Dukinfield in 1857. The letters on the original brick may stand for John Rowland, Dukinfield, his father, who died in 1856. On the obverse of this brick is 'Percys Patent'. Photo and info by David Kitching.

Rowlands Castle

Photo by John Morley

Rowley Station

This is a paviour brick.  Photo by Alwyn Sparrow.  Martyn Fretwell writes: Rowley Station Brick Works Co. (David Cook Manager) Cakemore, Blackheath, Dudley is recorded in Kelly’s 1900 edition.

Royal Potteries, Weston Super Mare

Charles Phillips born 1816 in Badgworth, Somerset was already skilled at the potters wheel by the age of nine.  John Mathews was a native of Scotswood in Northumberland.  Mathews acquired the sole patent to Pooles patent bonding Roll Tile.  Conway Gould Warne was formerly a potter in Rochester in Kent, Warne invented two new products, a land drain well and an electric cable trough.  The Royal Potteries started probably around 1837.  In 1847 the clay in Weston was  pronounced by competent judges to be of better quality than any other in the country.  By the late 1930s a thousand workers were employed there.  In 1952 the Pottery received its last Royal order for 126,000 flower pots to be used in the Coronation displays around London.  Weston pottery was then still considered to be the best in the country.  The Pottery went into voluntary liquidation in November 1961.  Thanks to John Biggs for the photos and information.

Rufford, Stourbridge

Made in Stourbridge by Rufford & Co.


Photo by Alan Murray-Rust

Front and back of a Rufford brick, found at Napton, Warwickshire by Nigel Furniss.

An ancient Rufford example spotted at Sunbury Plantation House, Barbados by Paul Hughes.  It probably arrived there as ships ballast.


Rufus (Proctor Bros.) Brick & Tile Ltd, Newcastle-under-Lyme, Staffordshire.  The brick yard was situated in the Bradwell Wood area near Parkhouse colliery (coal & clay).  This brick was found in the woodland of Bradwell Wood in 2002.  The yard also made roof and floor tiles and eventually closed in the 1970's.  The clay (marl) in this area was dug out from the hillside of the woodland as opposed to the conventional method of extracting from marl holes.  Thanks to Ken Perkins for the photo and history.

Rushden Brick & Tile

In the 1851 census a Jeremiah Litchfield and a Thomas Hardwick were recorded as brick makers in the Rushden area.

1864 - 1884 a Robert Octavius Butcher was operating a small brick yard with a single kiln, he was recorded in the trade directories as a grocer and brick maker.

By 1894 the large works of Rushden Brick & Tile Co., founded by John Clark, was in operation using a continuous kiln. The whole site of 116 acres was served by a tramway system, and there was a sand pit to the east of the works. During the 1880's and 1890's they were working at full capacity to keep the builders supplied as several new streets were being built. On 15th June 1900 the works was struck by lightening causing £300 of damage and throwing a number of men out of work for some weeks. A 1933 letterhead shows that they were a limited company making hollow partition and flooring bricks, agricultural drainpipes, red pressed and wirecut bricks, and supplying silica sand and ganister for cupola lining and general refractory purposes. By 1st May 1941 the whole works, plant and machinery, steam engines, boiler, rails, etc. was up for sale.

Photo and info by Nigel Furniss.

Rushforth Adwalton

Photo by Darrell Prest.  The works of Rushforth, Adwalton, is officially the 'Drighlington & Adwalton brickworks'; it is simple to find being now owned by a Brewers Fayre Restaurant. The original chimney remains as do a portion of the works buildings, now converted into a Premier Inn & Restaurant. Some memorabilia, in the shape of letters to Rushforths, are on display. This works is unquestionably the source of [RUSHFORTH][ADWALTON] bricks, very commonly found in Bradford 20th century buildings.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the information.  

One of many variant stampings from this site. Works operated cl893 to c1985, Adwalton Brickworks, Drighlington, West Yorkshire. Image PRBCO.

Russell, Sileby

Made by Thomas Russell of Sileby in Leicestershire. He was listed in three directories of 1876, 1877 and 1881. In the directory of 1877 he is listed as being in Brook Street Sileby.  Photo and info by Dennis Gamble.

Ryder Openshaw

Found in an 1880's house in Manchester by John T Pitman

Found in a section of wall alongside the Ashton Canal in the Ancoats area of Manchester by Alan Murray Rust.

Photographed at Macclesfield Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

J H Ryley, Louth

Photo by Martyn Fretwell taken at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life, Lincoln.  Martyn writes :- James Hunter Ryley, Chequer-gate Louth is recorded in Kelly’s 1861 edition, followed by Mrs. Betsey Ryley, works Eastgate, Louth in Kelly’s 1876 edition.

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