"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks page 4a

Bi to Bo: below     Br to By: next page


Found in Macclesfield by Frank Lawson.

W Billingham

Possibly a blue brick manufacturer in the West Midlands. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


This brickworks was opened prior to the sinking of Bilsthorpe Colliery, Notts by the Stanton Ironworks Co. in 1925 to provide the thousands of bricks needed to line the shaft. Bricks were also made to build the housing which was provided by the company for it’s miners who sank the shaft. Bricks were later used to line the roadways in the mine as they were cheaper to produce than pouring concrete for the linings. More can be read at this link.  Photo by Dave Penney & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


 The Binfield Brick & Tile Co. at Amen Corner, Bracknell, Berks. is listed in Kellys 1899 edition with D. Sharp as Managing Director. The 1899 map shows that the works had it's own railway siding connecting to the Staines & Woking Line run by the London & South Western Railway Co. Today the course of this former railway line is now the Berkshire Way bypass. Binfield B & T Co. is also listed in Kellys 1915 edition. The brickworks closed in the 1960’s. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Bingley Sanitary Tube & Lime Co.

The kiln site is at Eldwick, 2 km north of Bingley, West Yorkshire on Walsh Lane.  The old works chimney is still visible for miles.  All brick-making activity was confined to a period of about 50 years.  In 1870 coal and lime merchant William Barron bought site land to establish a private brick making business.  In 1889 the public company of Bingley Sanitary Tube and Lime Co. Ltd. was formed at the same premises.  Bricks marked [BST&L Co] are common in the Bingley area and have been found in the Dales.  In 1892 £442 was spent on machinery and plant and the company made a gross profit of £1766.  The 1893 O.S. map shows the brickworks complex as the B.S.T & Lime Works.  The 1921 O.S. map shows the works together with a tramway and a 1922 Trade Directory lists B.S.T & L Co for the last time.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the photo and information.

Robin Lush spotted this one at Ingrow in the Worth Valley, Yorkshire.

Spotted near Threshfield, Skipton by Clive Midgley.

Birch & Ryde, Chellaston

Birch & Ryde are listed as brickmakers at Chellaston in Kelly’s 1876 edition. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Birchenwood Brick & Tile Co, near Kidsgrove, Staffs. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Birchills & North Walsall Brick Co.

The Birchills & North Walsall, Brick Co. Walsall is listed in Kelly’s 1900 to 1916 editions. From a notice in the London Gazette dated 18th November 1910, it states that the partnership of Matilda Elizabeth Evans & Edward Goddard carrying on the business of Brick Manufacturers under the name of The Birchills & North Walsall Brick Co. Walsall was on the 19th October 1910 dissolved by mutual consent & the said firm would then continue under the same name under the ownership of Edward Goddard, dated 11th November 1910. Info & Photographed at Winchcombe Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.


Joseph Bird & Son owned the Trinity Brickworks off Cavendish Street, Ipswich between 1890 & 1910. Joseph is listed in Kellys 1892 & 96 editions at the Trinity Brickworks. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Birkby Firebrick works and colliery. In 1901 was worked by Messrs Steele and Beveridge,
employing 40 heads. 4km ENE of Maryport, Cumbria. Site operated
1862 to early 20th century - Angus Glasgow. Image PRBCO.

Birkbys, Wyke

Birkby, Henry & Sons Ltd: Storr Hill Brickworks, Wyke

Wyke is a district of Bradford, photo by Simon Patterson.  The works was opened in 1869 and closed in 1982.  There are photos of the works in operation here

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Henry Birkby, was born in Worthinghead, Wyke around 1830. He was the foreman of Squire Holdsworth, contractor of Wyke, for 7 years until 1863. In 1869-70 he opened the Storr Hill, Wyke brickworks for which he is famous. He is said to have lost a hand in a brick-making machine accident. He took an active part in public life and was returned as councillor for Wyke in 1899. When he retired from business his sons continued brick making. Birkby's was the last traditional working brick-works in Bradford. The company used several brick-marks, all of which are variations on the company name and location.  Thanks to Derek Barker for the information.

Bispham Hall

Brick and Tile making was already established at the Bispham Hall works of William Moorfield in the 1860s. From 1899 the Bispham Hall Colliery Company was operating as a partnership of William Hilton and James Marsden, and then as a limited company from February 1900. In 1925 the Bispham Hall Brick and Terra Cotta Co Ltd was formed to take over the brickworks. Terracotta production ceased before 1940 and brick manufacture ended in 1973 with earthenware following in 1974.  Photo and information by David Kitching.

Blaby Brick & Tile

The Blaby Brick & Tile Co. is listed in Kelly’s 1928 to 1936 editions at Cork Lane, Blaby, Leicester. In 1947 the company was taken over by the Butterley Brick Co. & in 1955 Butterley was renamed Butterley & Blaby Brick Co.. The year that the Blaby works closed is unknown. There are also two trade directory entries in Kelly’s 1899 & 1900 editions for the Blaby Brick Co. Blaby with Charles Halford as Managing Director, whether there is any connection with the later Blaby Brick & Tile Company is unknown. Info and photo by Martyn Fretwell, courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Black Boy Coal Company

Photo by Kenneth Bowen who writes: In 1863 there was a colliery called the Black Boy Coal Company near to Bishop Auckland, it changed its name in 1872 to Auckland Park Colliery.  Information from the N C B web site.


Photographed on the seashore at Crosby, Merseyside.

Blackett & Son

R Blackett & Son, Haughton Road, Darlington, Co.Durham.  Kelly's Durham Directory 1914.  Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Black Hill Brick, Entwistle, near Bolton

Michael Sorfleet rescued this one from the Bury Corporation Transport Department bus depot when it was being demolished.

Found on the seashore in Crosby, Merseyside.


Photo by David Kitching.  Dave Blackmoor writes: there was a brickyard in Slacky Lane, Heath End, Pelsall, Walsall which produced Blackmoor bricks. My Great Great Grandfather Joseph Blackmoor and his family lived there around 1880.  David Kitching adds: The Heath End brickworks does not appear on the 1884 OS map and closed in February 1906 when the partners, operating under the style of G. Blackmoor & Co. were declared bankrupt.

Blackstone Edge

Whittaker Fire Clay Works Littleborough,started 1851.  Photo and info by Colin Driver.


Blackwell is a colliery village to the west of Mansfield.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

B W Blades, West Bromwich

Brownlow William Blades appears on the 1881 census as a "Blue Brick Manufacturer", living in Swan Road, West Bromwich. His son had the same name, as did his father who was also a brickmaker from Northampton. The West Bromwich works was operating in the 1870s and was still in business in 1900.  Photo and information by David Kitching.

This one was photographed on a canal bank near Dudley.  Thanks to Tim Lawton for the photo.

Blanchards, Bishops Waltham

I have found trade directory listings for M.H. Blanchard at Bishops Waltham, Hampshire in Kellys 1875 to 1927 editions & info for this company can be read at this Link on page 94. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Found on the foreshore near the site of the Carmarthen Bay Power Station by Hugh Owen.

Blashfield, Stamford

John Marriott Blashfield, (1811-1882) was a property developer and mosaic floor and ornamental terracotta manufacturer. He originally worked for the cement makers Wyatt, Parker and & Co in Millwall. In 1858 Blashfield transferred his terracotta business from London to premises on Wharf Road, Stamford as the estuarine clay produced high quality terracotta which was widely exported. His business was re-named The Stamford Terracotta Co.The company closed in 1875 due to competition from cheaper mass produced terracotta industries.
Photo and info by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Blaydon & Eltringham

Found in a Gateshead garden by Albe Barratt

Bletchley Flettons

Found in London by Simon Patterson, Link to history

Blisworth Brick Co.

Blisworth is a village in Northamptonshire.  Photo by Brian Orton.


A modern paver made by Blockleys of Trench Lock, Telford, part of Michelmersh Brick Holdings PLC. Photo & Info Martyn Fretwell. 

Ron Young adds some detail on pavers:   This one has two moulded ribs on the face in the photograph, and probably another one or two ribs on one or other of the ends. The edges also appear to be slightly bevelled.  The idea behind the ribs was to keep the pavers apart as they were being laid and, especially if it was to be flexible paving onto a sand bed, give room for loose sand to be brushed down between each paver and its neighbour to enable them to move and recover as a vehicle ran over them.

Found on demolished outbuildings at Ditherington flaxmill, Shrewsbury by Michael Shaw. Michael adds: it
is quite possible that it is from B P Blockley (precursor of Blockleys) who began at Hadley, Wellington, Shropshire apparently in 1894.

Blomfield, Halstead

Charles Blomfield, farmer, brick & tile maker in Halstead. Essex is listed in White's 1848 &1863 editions & then in the 1874 Post Office edition at Brook Farm, Halstead. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


The Bloomfield Blue Brick Co. (Late James Whitehouse) is listed at Bloomfield, Tipton in Kelly’s 1892 & 96 editions. Then as the Bloomfield & Stourbridge Blue & Red Brick Co. Ltd. Bloomfield, Tipton in Kelly’s 1900 & 04 editions. Info by Martyn Fretwell & Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.

G Blyth, Fulstow

George Blyth, brickmaker is recorded in trade directories for 1872 and 1885. Photo by Martyn Fretwell taken at the Museum of Lincolnshire Life, Lincoln, who also supplied the information.

W Blyth

This tile was found on the South bank of the Humber. Made by William Blyth in Barton. Listed initially in White in 1872, the Ings Lane Yard finally closed in 2006, though tiles and possibly bricks are still made in Barton - upon - Humber (2014).I believe a kiln at the Ings Lane site was being fired in April 2013 in preparation for opening to the public. Detailed in formation about brick and tile making in the area can be found in Bryant & Land (2007) " Bricks, Tiles & Bicycles in Barton before 1900". Image PRBCO.

Blythe , Birtley station

A selection of commemorative bricks by Blythe's of Birtley, these are all end stampings.  Photos by Kenneth Bowe.

A First World War brick sent in by Martin Briscoe.

Found on the site of High Felling County Infant School by Pip Blakey.

Bolckow, Vaughan & Co.

Found in Newburn, Northumberland by Frank Lawson.

B V/ B G - Bolckow & Vaughan brick group. Found near Guisborough in Cleveland by Frank Lawson.

Photo by courtesy of the Ian Stubbs collection. 

Photo by Rod Lavan, taken at Teesside Iron & Steel works.

 Arthur Brickman adds: Bolckow, Vaughan & Co. were colliery owners/managers in South West Durham and operated a number of Brickyards in association with their mining interests. This example was produced at Byers Green Colliery, situated between Spennymoor and Bishop Auckland, not far from Binchester were evidence of brick manufacture in the Roman period has been found!

Boldon: see entry for N C B Boldon

Bolsover Colliery

B C - This came from the pit houses at Pleasley, Notts, which they are slowly reclaiming the bricks from. The outer walls are hand made and the inner bricks have been so far - Riddings - Blackwell - Ilkeston Colliery Co - Oakwell - Byron and now B C. Which I believe to be Bolsover Colliery, which was next door to Byron Brick Co. Went to Bolsover to check BC out and at the "Model Village" now New Bolsover built by the Colliery, I met Malcolm, an ex miner who told me this:  Bolsover Colliery & Brickworks was near what they originally called "The Model Village", now New Bolsover. The brickworks was in production to around 1947 when the pit baths were built on the site and is now the home of Aztec Oils. The clay for the bricks was dug from what is now the village football fields and the bricks were stamped, BCC for Bolsover Colliery Company. Thanks to Malcolm, an ex miner for the info, who lives in "The Model Village" Photos by Martyn Fretwell.

Another day I when to Linby looking for Linby Colliery bricks, which I had been told about and I found a BCC brick there.  Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.

I then went to Aztec Oils & found many pit buildings still standing. The bricks I found had nothing on them. I met the Site Manager, who directed me to a building which in this photo, shows the intertwining BCC for Bolsover Colliery Company, photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.


Bolton Brick Co., Settle Street Brickworks, Great Lever, Bolton, Greater Manchester - Angus Glasgow. Image PRBCO. 

Found on the beach in Crosby, Merseyside.

A Bolton & Co, Ipswich

A. Bolton & Co. are listed in Kelly’s 1916 & 25 editions at Henley Road, Ipswich & this works was in operation until 1959. Originally the company of Bolton & Laughlin took over this works from the Rosher Brick & Tile Co. in 1901. Info & photo by Martyn Fretwell, courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection. Also see Rosher & Bolton/Laughlin entries.

Bolton on Dearne

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell

found in the Village of Woodlands near Doncaster by Dennis Canning.

Bolton Woods Brickworks

Found in Normanton, West Yorks by Frank Lawson.  Made at Bolton Woods Brickworks, Stanley Road, Bradford.
Bolton & Laughlin

Bolton & Laughlin operated the Dales Brickworks on Dales Road, Ipswich from 1901 to 1959. Kelly’s 1912 edition records B & L at the Henley Road Brickworks, Ipswich. Originally this works was accessed off Henley Road as the road leading to the works had not been named, when it was it was named Dales Lane, then Dales Road later. Kelly’s 1916 & 25 editions now list the company as A. Bolton & Co. Ltd. Dale Lane Brickworks, Henley Road, Ipswich. It appears from a web article that this works was always locally known as Bolton & Laughlin. The brickworks had originally opened in 1880 & is shown on a 1881 map. Rosher & Co. are listed as owning this works in Kelly’s 1892, 96 & 1900 editions until B & L took over in 1901. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Bond, Birmingham

Both found at North Shropshire Recycling yard by Martyn Fretwell.  Martyn adds :-  

John Bond owned three brickworks, operating them only during the summer months & then being employed as a maltster & brewing beer during the winter months. His three works where on Watery Lane, Dark Lane & the one on Garrison Lane which he operated from 1867 to 1875 & was called the Globe Brickworks was then sold to a syndicate who formed the Globe Brick & Tile Co.

A list of some of the Birmingham works can be read here

Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell from the Chris Thornburn Collection.

Bonds Main

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.  Made at Bonds Main Colliery, a colliery village in the parish of Temple Normanton, Derbyshire.

Photo by Malcolm Adlington

Henry Bonsor

Henry Bonsor in listed as brickmaker in South Kilworth, Rugby in Kelly’s 1876, 1881 & 1891 editions. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

F W Boone, Wednesbury

Found by Stanley Jones in Sandwell valley, West Bromwich

A Boorer

A Boorer, Crowhurst, near Oxted, Surrey. Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Boot, Sutton

Made at Sutton in Ashfield, photos by Simon Patterson

William Booth

William Booth of the Salvation Army established a brickworks at Hadleigh near Southend in 1891. More can be read about this works in the Salvation Army Land Industrial Colony entry.  Info & Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Bordesley Green

Made in Birmingham, photo by Alwyn Sparrow.

This works was originally owned by George Savage & after he had spend all his life savings keeping it running, it was put up for sale in 1884. The Bordesley Green Brick Co. took over the yard around 1895 & is first listed in Kelly’s 1895 edition with Henry C. Davis as Managing Partner. The company produced bricks using the Hoffman type kiln built by Savage until 1902, after which houses where built & a park created on the brickworks site. Some bricks made by the company are stamped Charles Road & this was a new road built to access the works. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Borough, Nelson

The Borough Brick Company, Railway Street, Nelson, Lancashire. Listed in Kelly 1918 / 1924. 
The site finally closed in the 1950s and was owned by the Proctor family for several 
generations in the 20th century. Makers of bricks marked NELSON PLASTIC. Image PRBCO.

Photo by courtesy of Colin Driver.


 Found near Wigton by Ian Suddaby.  The Botcherby Brick and Tile Works was on the eastern edge of Carlisle. 


A Staffordshire Blue brick, photo by Darren Haywood.  The blue colour means they are made from clay deposits known as Etruria Marl. http://blackcountryhistory.org/collections/getrecord/GB149_D-SSW_2_AB/

By 1896 Boulton & Co advertised their business from the Midland Brick and Tile Works, Port Vale. They were still operating in 1940 as Boulton & Co (Longport) Ltd., Midland & Port Vale Tileries, Longport.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Photo by Martyn Fretwell.

Boulton Burnett

Boulton, Burnett, & Platt first appear in the trade drectories in 1867 at Brownhills Colliery, Tunstall. In 1868 the listing is for Boulton, Burnett & Co, and in 1869 it is Boulton & Co. brick and tile makers. Proprietor George Boulton was living at Moreton House, Wolstanton. The works was last listed in 1892. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Bourne Valley Pottery see Sharp & Jones

Bouthwater see Southwater



Made in Bovey Tracey, near Newton Abbot in Devon

Bovingdon Brick

Found on the Easton Neston estate, near Towcester by Nigel Furniss.  Made by Bovingdon Bricks in Hertfordshire.
Bowens, Stourbridge

Photo by Phil Jenkins.  See below for company details.

Bowens Ltd, Successors, Stourbridge

Made by Clattershall Fire Clay & Brick Works, nr Stourbridge.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Edward Bowens is listed in Kelly’s 1868 to 1884 as producing fire bricks at Clattershall Colliery, Brierley Hill. The 1888 & 92 editions records Edward Bowens (exors of), Clattershall fireclay & brick works, Stourbridge. Then in the 1896 edition through to the 1940 edition the entry is Edward Bowens Limited, (Successors), Clattershall fireclay & brick works, Brettell Lane, Brierley Hill, Staffs. same as this brick. Info by Martyn Fretwell.

Bowers & Roberts

Bowers & Roberts are listed only in 1873-74 at Greengates, Tunstall. The brickworks seems to have been situated on the opposite side of Furlong Road to the Greengates Pottery and in 1869-70 was in  the hands of Jno Meir who was also owner of the pottery. By 1875-76 Anthony Roberts was the proprietor, followed by Charles Salt in 1879 and William Adams & Co from 1892.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Bowling Iron, Bradford

Listed as operating at Rook Lane, Bradford 1900 and Rook Lane and Bowling Back Lane, 
Bradford, 1904 / 1912/ 1917. Image PRBCO.

Found in an old mill off Tong Street in Bradford by Mark Harriman.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

Bowman, Ripley

Henry Bowman of Marehay, Ripley is recorded in Kelly's Directory for 1888. Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Photo by Rog.  Made in Market Lavington, Wiltshire.

J & C Boyle

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Boyles operated a works at Burmantofts, Leeds, later taken over by Leeds Fireclay.  Found at Tankersley near Barnsley.

Found in the Osmondthorpe Lane area of Leeds by David Soulsby.

E Boylin, Selly Oak

Eleanor Boylin, Selly Oak, Birmingham.  Post Office Worcestershire Directory 1876.  Photo and info by Frank Lawson.

Boys Walsall

Henry Boys, Waterloo Colliery & Brickworks. Open by 1868 to about 1897, photo and info by Ray Martin.
Boythorpe - see Ludlam

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