"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

English bricks - page 5, Letter: C

Ca to Ch: below      Ci to Cl        Co to Cu


C - Claygate Fireplaces Ltd

C - J H Cookson & Co

C. B. C. - Cheshire Brick Co

C B C - Chester le Street brick Co.

C B & Co - Chadwick Barker

C. C. - Crowborough

C C C Ltd - Crosland Coal company

C. C. C. C. - Cannock Chase Colliery Co.

C. F. C. - Calder fireclay Co.

C C & F C Co - Cliffe Coal & Fire Clay Co.

C & M - Chapman & Morson

C. R. - Charles Richardson

C. R. C. - Cannock & Rugeley Collieries

C X C - Clay Cross

G C & Co - George Chadwick

H & F C Barnsley - H & F Chamberlain

T C & Co - T Charlton

W D C - W D Cornish


Cafferata

A company in Newark, Nottinghamshire, whose history may be read here.  Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo



Made by Cafferata & Co. of Newark, Notts. From the Phil Sparham collection, photo by Frank Lawson.

R. Cail, Gateshead




One of Tyneside's most successful, if lesser known Victorian entrepreneur's, Richard Cail rose to prominence as a contractor on many of the regions early railways, having previously been apprenticed to a Newcastle' builder. The secret to his success would appear to have been control of the supplies to his various businesses. As a Freeman of Newcastle' he was exempt from duty on imported materials, owned quarries at Sunderland and operated Gateshead's South Shore Brickworks. However, by the time of his death in 1893 reference to his interests begins to wain, with the Gateshead works having disappeared from the OS by 1898. Examples of his bricks are therefore rather few and far between, a testament to his engineering skills in that many of the structures he supervised are still extant. Photo and information by Arthur Brickman.


Cakemore

Tony Mugridge has this info:  Cakemore was a Black Country brickmaker who specialised in Staffordshire blue bricks and pavers I have two in my collection - both pavers and Cakemore bricks were used for much of the bridgework architecture on the Grand Union Canal through South Staffordshire.



David Kitching adds:  Cakemore brick works near Rowley Regis. The South Staffordshire Blue Brick Co was registered on 28 October 1887, to take over the properties of the Cakemore Blue Brick Co. This paving brick was seen on Charlotte Street in Birmingham.



A Cakemore blue paver brick found on an old green lane around Towcester by Nigel Furniss

Calder Fireclay Co.




Calder Fireclay (E J W Waterhouse & Son) of Elland, W.Yorks.  Found at Carlton, Lofthouse, W.Yorks by Frank Lawson.

California

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.  Tony Mugridge writes:  California Brick and Tile Works - Hollinswood (now Telford) The works was demolished in the early 1970's and part of Telford Town Centre occupies the site. The works produced red stock bricks and roofing tiles and it is believed that this was where the Blockley family had their works before they opened their brickworks at Trench (Telford) in the 1890's, where Blockley's Brick still operates (now part of Michelmersh Holdings, plc).


Callender Electric




This brick was made for/by Callender's Cable & Construction Co. Ltd, Erith, London  before 1945, when it became British Insulated Callender's Cables (BICC in 1975) as a marker brick, to warn you that electric cables are buried in the ground below.  Photo & Info by Martyn Fretwell.


Camerton

Camerton Coal and Firebrick Company, Greengill Colliery brickworks, Camerton, Cumbria. Sited 6km ENE of Workington. Site operated late 19th century to 1950s - Angus Glasgow. Image PRBCO.

This one is spelt Camrton, found by Malcolm Smith by the River Derwent


Canal Works, Stoke on Trent



A product of George Woolliscroft's Canal Tileries in Etruria.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Candy

Believed to have been made by Candy Tiles in Heathfield, Newton Abbot, thanks to Chris Williamson for the photo.


Cannock Chase Colliery Co.

The Cannock Chase Colliery Company produced bricks at various sites until production was centralised in the 1920s to the west of No.9 & 10 Collieries at Hednesford. The works was developed to a capacity of 8 million bricks per
annum in the 1930s but the average production in the 5 years ending in 1932 was only 5.75 million bricks. Under the NCB the works was further expanded and c1974 was taken over by the Butterley Brick Company. It has since been
closed. Photo and information by David Kitching.


Cannock & Rugeley Collieries



Cannock & Rugeley Collieries had extensive brickworks at Wimblebury Colliery, Littleworth This was established in the 1870s and was producing more than 1 million bricks a year in the 1930s, mainly for use in the Company's own
collieries. Production continued into NCB ownership. Photo and information by David Kitching.

Cannon St, Hanley





The Cannon Street Brick Company operated from its central Hanley works during the last quarter of the nineteenth century and early twentieth century. It appears in trade directories for 1912 but not 1921. Photos and information by David Kitching.


Capel

Probably made at the Auclaye brickworks, Capel, Surrey.  Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


Carbis





Carbis China Clay & Brick Co Ltd SX001596. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Carthy, Rugeley



Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation, Rugeley by Martyn Fretwell.

Carloggas





English China Clay Sales



West of England Co.



Made at Carloggas Brickworks SW958551. Photos by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

Carlton

The Carleton Brick Co., Carleton, Pontefract is listed in Kelly 1897 / 1901. West Yorkshire. Image PRBCO.


Carlton Main

Another company still in business today, located near Barnsley, South Yorkshire.

Thanks to Simon Patterson for the photo

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


G Carr

Made by George Carr, listed at 3 addresses in Attercliffe Road area of Sheffield between 1875 and 1904.  Info and image PRBCO


John Carr



Found by the River Tyne, Newcastle by Mark Cranston.

T Carr



Made at Scotswood between 1828 and 1881 found in an exposed culvert on the Lanchester Valley railway walk about 8 miles west of Durham. Photo by Gordon Hull.

Cashmore's, Warwick




Photo by Alwyn Sparrow

Castle (Walsall)



Photographed at Cawarden Reclamation, Rugeley by Martyn Fretwell

Photo by David Kitching





Photos by Ray Martin. The Castle Brick Works was in Birchills, Walsall, just off Upper Green Lane,
and first appears on the 1902 OS map with five rectangular kilns. In 1924 it was operated by J Griffin, Jones and Company, and in 1940 it was the Castle Brick Co. The works seems to have closed and been swallowed up in
extensions to the tube works by the early 1950s.  Info by David Kitching.

Castleford

Thanks to Simon Patterson for the above photo.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.



It would appear that there were two different Castleford Brick Companies. The manufacturer of this brick is listed 1897- 1912 and the brick was used in the works of the Aberford Railway, which principally shipped coal from the Garforth Collieries to a coal depot at Aberford on the Great North Road. A later Castleford Brick Company, with works at  Glasshoughton, is listed as a branch of the Yorkshire Brick Co., 1922 to 1965.

Catchpole & Co., Rotherham

Found near Rotherham by Bob Gellatly


Cattybrook, Bristol

Thanks to John Biggs for the photo, found in the remains of Southmead Manor, Bristol.


C. C. P. Pocklington

Believed to have been made in Pocklington, near York at the Burnby Lane works.  Thanks to Andrew Boyce for the photo, further info on the Pocklington brick industry can be read here.


Central, Whittlesea

Whittlesea was an important brick making area east of Peterborough.  The Central Brickworks Whittlesea was acquired by the National Coal Board in 1966.  It was sold in 1973 to the London Brick Co by N. C. B. Ancillaries.

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Chaddesden



CHADDS N,  this brickworks is recorded at the end of Walpole Street, just off Nottingham Road in Chaddesden, Derby on the 1901 Ordnance Survey map.  Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell.

Chadwick Barker & Co.





Front and back shown.  Chadwick Barker & Co., Totley Moor, Sheffield. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

George Chadwick & Co.



Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, made in Totley near Sheffield and found in Baslow.

Chailey



 This is a modern brick made by Chailey in Sussex, now owned by Ibstock. The company is 300 years old and a video showing the history of the works and the production of clamp fired bricks can be seen here: http://www.ibstock.com/chailey/   Photo and info by Martyn Fretwell. 

    

Photo by Richard Symonds

Challans, Grantham

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection, found at Barkston near Grantham.

From Whites Directory, 1882


Chamber Colliery, Hollinwood




This brick was manufactured by the Chamber Colliery Limited, which operated a coal mine in the Hollinwood area of Oldham from the late 1850s. The company added a 16-chamber Hoffmann-type continuous brick kiln to the colliery site during the 1880s. It is uncertain when the company ceased manufacturing bricks, although the kiln is marked ‘disused’ on the Ordnance Survey map of 1922. The brick was discovered on the site of the brickworks during its redevelopment. Photo and information by Ian Miller.

Chamberlain Barnsley


 H & F Chamberlain, Dodworth Road, Barnsley. Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


T T Chapman



Photo by Nigel Furniss.

Chapman & Morson



Photo by Mark Cranston, Arthur Brickman adds: Chapman & Morson, Crook Colliery, County Durham

Charlaw

A Charlaw brick.  The Charlaw and Sacriston Collieries Co. Ltd ran mines in the Sacriston area of Co. Durham. See this website.  Photo and info by Andrew Gardner.


Charles Richardson

Found in Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell. Martyn thinks that that CR could be Charles Richardson of Vauxhall, London, His brickfield was at Teynham, Kent and his cement works at nearby Conyer. He owned wharves at Vauxhall and Conyer, using his own barges to transport his goods. His bricks were stamped CR. In the early 1880's he joined forces with John Francis Eastwood and four others to form Eastwoods Co. Ltd. supplying bricks to London, Kent and Essex by barge. An ever expanding Eastwoods went on to own many brickworks in Eastern and South-Eastern Counties of England including making Fletton bricks at Peterborough. See entry for Eastwoods. Photo by Martyn Fretwell.


T. Charlton & Co.

T. Charlton & Co owned a number of mines around Bitchburn. This one was found near coke ovens at East Howle in County Durham.  Thanks to Paul Harman for the information and photo.


Charnwood

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the contribution.


Chellaston near Derby 

Photo supplied by A.K.A. Demik.



Chellaston Minerals, Derby produced bricks from 1871 to 1978. Originally the company quarried alabaster and when good quality alabaster started to be in short supply, the company turned to producing bricks as the clay which had been a waste product was put to good use. Bricks were in great demand during both World Wars, especially the Second as the company had to keep a sufficient stock of bricks to rebuild Rolls Royce in case of major damage by enemy bombs. Info and photo by Martyn Fretwell. Brick from the Phil Sparham Collection.

Cheltenham



Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Cherry Orchard

The works became the Cherry Orchard brickworks possibly as early as mid-1889, and it became Kenilworth's last brickworks, closing in 1977.  Date of this brick uncertain, but it came from a building put up in the late 19th century.  Thanks to Robin Leach for the photo and info.

Robin writes: frustratingly, I have yet to find the years that the works operated under this fuller title, nor did I record where I got the brick from.  The pit at the works was in use as a tip even in pre WW1 days and since closure became a full scale pit-filling operation. Today, with the pit filled and grassed over, it is a 're-cycling centre' and all the rubbish is taken from there to elsewhere.

Simon Patterson photographed this one at Avoncroft Museum


Cheshire Brick Co.

Photos by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection. 



The Cheshire Brick Co works was situated at Middlewood between Hazel Grove and High Lane. Production began as the Middlewood Brick Co in the 1920s and ended in the early 1960s.  Photo and info by David Kitching.

Chester Brick Co. (Chester Le Street)



Photo by Mark Cranston.  Arthur Brickman adds: Knowing the find location, (within a stones throw of a number of post-war Council built estates here on Tyneside), I suspect this is the Chester Brick Company, (as in Chester-le-Street), Plawsworth, Co. Durham, established in 1953. A calcium-silicate brick, formed by mixing various grades of sand with hydrated lime, before adding colouring dyes and baking in an autoclave - I believe this shade was known as 'Cumberland Stone'.

Churwell - (A Rodgers)

Churwell Brick Co., Leeds. Site operated by Fitton Bros. in 1904, as Churwell Brick Company 1938 and by A. Rodgers in 1956. Site cleared c2000. Image PRBCO.


Chytane



Made at Chytane Brickworks, near Summercourt SW913561. Photo by David Kitching, part of the collection at Wheal Martyn China Clay Museum.

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