"Old Bricks - history at your feet"

Mystery makers

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Any information on these bricks would be appreciated


007

Photo by Martyn Fretwell, possibly a refractory brick batch number?


26 B



Found at a reclamation yard by Ray Martin

55



55 or could be S S?  Seen in Bishopstoke, Eastleigh, Hampshire by Ian Suddaby.

258A



Spotted by Nigel Furniss in Banbury

1850




Michael Shaw found this very old brick near Westbury, Shropshire.  He thinks it was made at a nearby coal mine

1870

 


2 A



Photo by Dennis Canning.

276 C



Found at a house in Towcester by Nigel Furniss

3355

Photo by Martyn Fretwell


4206



Photo by Martyn Fretwell

3 INS



Found near Alfreton, Derbyshire by Frank Lawson

1 48 99

Found in Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell


A




Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Frank thinks it could be The Morgan Crucible Company of Battersea as their logo was a triangle but it's a bit of a longshot!
A



Found near Bridgend by Richard Paterson.

A B C



Found at Spondon Reclamation yard by Martyn Fretwell. 

A B & Co

Found on a reclamation site near Barnsley.  Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


A G K



Found in Widnes. Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.

A & F P



Found, along with a fragment of another, in undergrowth near Pontnewydd Golf Club.  Both had the spindly "A & FP" stamp, and both were quite crudely made. I did wonder if they were made by an amateur in a makeshift kiln. photo and info by Lawrence Skuse.

A & M



Found in a farmyard near Alcester (Warwickshire) by Alwyn Sparrow.

A V



Seen near Melksham, Wilts by David Kitching

Alite D




A refractory brick found at Stanton by Bridge by Frank Lawson

B



Found on Hameldon Hill, Burnley by Brian Hartley.

B B B



Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.

B D S Co.



Discovered in the 1958 extension to the Catholic church in Hunstanton, Norfolk by Eric Rhodes.

B C



Photo by David Kitching, found on a beach near Ulverston.

B. C. C.

Derek Barker is seeking information on this one. This brick is commonly found in Bradford, West Yorks.  Buildings containing it suggest production in the first few decades of the 20th century.  Essentially then we are looking for a brick-maker active in the period 1910-1940 able to supply bricks in large numbers for a prestigious city build (like a hospital or cinema) but local enough to be a source for small single house developments.  Collieries commonly possessed their own brick-works.  Birkenshaw Colliery Co was owned by various members of the Gill family from 1911 until in 1947, but at the moment I have no evidence whatever that they ever owned a brickworks.  Another possible theory is that the initials stood for Bradford City Ceramics or Clay; the great difficulty with this theory is that neither name is attested in any of the trade directories that cover its likely period of operation.  A Bradford Corporation Brickworks is noted at Rook Lane near Bowling.  Hypothetically 'Bowling Clay Company' or 'Bradford Corporation Clay' are possibilities but, I must stress, the names are also entirely unattested in any trade directory.


B. C. P.

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.


B. H.

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.


B O & H



Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.


B S

 

A well worn brick found on the Thames bank at Wapping by Frank Lawson.  Thurston Riehl adds this information: I at once recognized your mystery brick BS as a type which was brought to Guyana as ballast in sailing ships between 160 and 260 years ago. They are very yellow, very porous, and relatively soft--especially when they are worn or have not been fired completely. They often have three letters (Sometimes only 2 and sometimes a symbol) stamped in the indentation on one side. I am told they are Dutch, which is certainly a possibility, as all or part of present day Guyana changed hands several times between the Dutch, the English. and the French. However, I can not be certain as to the origin of these bricks. I have recycled over a hundred thousand of these bricks in a large building project at my farm.
B & S W B W



 Found during an archaeological excavation at Ashburys in Manchester by David Kitching, who adds:
the other bricks found in the same context appear to have been made in the period 1875-1885.

Bee/Wasp? image



Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

Butterfly image



Possibly the Butterfly works, Old Hill.  Photographed at Valley Reclamation Yard, Chesterfield by Martyn Fretwell.

C



Photo by Mark Cranston.

C B C L

Photographed in a path at the Museum of Welsh Life, St Fagans, Cardiff by Richard Paterson


C I



Found by Philip Davies in the river Cegidog just east of Ffrwd, near Wrexham.


C T C



Photographed in Corris, Powys.

C W or W C?



Found in woodland in Hertfordshire by Sarah Bateman.

Calsil



Found on the shore at Maryport, Cumbria by Mark Cranston. Possible abbreviation for Calcium Silicate?

Carcey

Could be Garcey?  Found by Vladimir Smirnov in St. Petersburg.


B Clay



B Clay 220-10-60.  A fishing boat from Cedeira in Spain hauled up this brick from 500 metres down.  Andres Bello would be grateful for any information.

Diamond firebrick

Thanks to Darren Haywood for the photo.


Diamond Jubilee

David Kitching saw this one at the Claymills Pumping Station at Burton-on-Trent, a Staffordshire Blue paving brick marked to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria. I think that Diamond might also be the trade name of the manufacturer as there was another brick nearby just marked with that word.

Spotted in Riddings, Derbyshire by Martyn Fretwell


Diazite



A refractory brick found by Frank Lawson on the banks of the River Humber close to the Capper Pass works at North Ferriby.

E B W



Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.



Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.

E D



Seen at Cheshire Demolition, Macclesfield, the brick has Clayton's Patent on the reverse.  Photo by David KItching.

E - R



Photo by Nigel Furniss

Elizabeth II Coronation

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.


Elizabeth II - Silver Jubilee



Found by Alan Murray-Rust in Beeston.  Alan thinks it's been inserted into the paving relatively recently.

F

Found at Pocklington, East Yorkshire by Frank Lawson.  Possibly Frankfield Brickworks, Glasgow, ca 1899 - 1960s.


F Co.



Found by Graeme Pilkington in Delamere forest, Cheshire.

F F I B



Found in Middlesbrough by Simon Hunter.

F W B



Photographed at Corris by Martyn Fretwell.



Photographed at Coalport China Museum by Michael Shaw.  Probably local to the district.

F & W R



 Found near Ripley in Derbyshire by Frank Lawson.

Fish impression

David Oliver writes:  This was probably made at the E. R. Lister Brick Yard in the Scotswood area of Newcastle which was opened in 1838.  By 1890 there was a High Yard and Low Yard.  Brickworks of the North East by Peter J Davison states:  'Fire bricks for furnaces, malt kiln tiles, lutes, gauge pots, syphons, muffles, and white glazed bricks were made. A small amount of buff coloured facing bricks and ornamental garden ware were also produced. The firms trade mark was in the shape of a salmon'


For 5ft Diameter Well



Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

G



Found by Frank Lawson in the ruins of an old woollen mill at Netherthong in W.Yorks

G B L



Fond in a garden in Derby by Mike Shaw.

G C & S



David Kitching writes: Seen in a yard at Newent, Gloucestershire, I have not been able to identify the
manufacturer, The obverse of the brick was stamped CLAYTON & Co PATENT which refers to the manufacturer of the brickmaking machine.

G F



Photo by Vladimir Smirnov.

G Q



Found near the site of Carmarthen Bay Power station by Hugh Owen.

G & L?



Possibly G & L, found in the north east by George.

G W L



Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

G W P



Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.

Granby Direct



Found underneath an old farm house in Michigan by Jason Lehman.  Could be a British brick?

H



 Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.

H.G A




Photographed at Coalport China museum near Ironbridge by Michael Shaw.

H M



A bit of a rarity for this website. A concrete brick found outside Shrewsbury Abbey by Mike Shaw.

H & N R



Photo by Lawrence Skuse, who writes: Currently, a one mile stretch of the Mon-Brec Canal is being restored to working condition with a lot of excavation undertaken. This was amongst a pile of chiefly white, anonymous bricks although there were fragments of an Abersychan and Cwmbran Star bricks also. Whether this brick has been unearthed there, or has been bought in as a reclaimed brick, I don't know. I have no idea as to the manufacturer.

H & S M C co ltd



Found near Newcastle. Photo by courtesy of the Colin Driver collection.

H (W) L

Found in a towpath at Tipton by Phil Shaw


H & W C



Photo by Andy Chaplin.

Hick



Photo by Martyn Fretwell from the David Penney Collection.

I R N



Found Newark, Notts. 2016 by Frank Lawson.

I & W G



Found at a disused quarry in Horsforth, Leeds by Mark Harriman.

J & A



Found near the Victorian spa town of Llandrindod Wells by Richard Paterson.

J B W



Photo by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.


J D N or M



Photographed at Macclesfield Reclamation Yard by Martyn Fretwell.

J G



Found on a demolition site in Wakefield by Bobby Clegg.

J L



Found near Bridgend by Richard Paterson.

J N P



Spotted just outside the village of Meltonby, East Yorkshire by Carla van Beveren.

J P



Found at the Cambrian Railway Society's Weston Wharf site Oswestry by Mike Shaw.

J S & S



Found by Colin Driver in Leigh.

K



Photo by Charles H Ball.

K



Found between Otley and Menston in West Yorkshire. From Sue Wrights collection

K 1



Photo by Vladimir Smirnov

K B



Photo by Nigel Megson, found by the canasl in Dewsbury.
K T G



Possibly K T G?  Found in Ellesmere Port by Christine Hallmark.

Key symbol brick



Found in Coxley Beck, Horbury Bridge Near Wakefield.  Photo by Phil Jervis.

Another key symbol brick



Found on the banks of the Thames.  Possibly a foreign brick which arrived as ships ballast.  Photo sent by Bursledon Brickworks.

King George V 1910

Another commemorative brick, this one from 1910.

Steven spotted this one on a street in North London.


L C A



Found whilst diving off Stavanger, Norway by Arild Skjaeveland Vivas.  The back is stamped Clayton & Co. so it is almost certainly a British made brick.  Possibly it arrived in Norway as ships ballast?

L & T



This brick was recovered from the cellar floor of a Victorian terraced house in York by Katie Keefe.

Lumen



Found in Cardiff 2016 by Frank Lawson.


M

Photo by courtesy of the Frank Lawson collection.  Found near Frosterley, County Durham, it could be Marshall Green Brick Works of Witton le Wear


M



Found on the Easton Neston estate near the River Tove by Nigel Furniss, an old pump house was constructed from these.
M A



Found in Bradshaw near Bolton by Colin Driver.

M A W



Photographed in Broseley, Shropshire by Martyn Fretwell.

M C 6 / S M L M S R



A very odd one sent in by Alwyn Sparrow.  the lower image is inscribed on the side of the brick.



M L



found on the banks of the Thames at London at low tide by Steve Wright.

Millenium brick





Frog and side shown.  Photos by courtesy of the Richard Symonds collection.


Musgraves

This is a hard paving brick.  Almost certainly made in Staffordshire.

This one was found in Cobridge, Stoke on Trent by Ken Perkins.


M W



Photo by Martyn Fretwell courtesy of the Bill Richardson Collection at Southwick Hall.


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