A South Wales brick, photo by Tony Gostling, from the
Talyclyn Colliery and Fire Brick Co in Pontardulais
Carmarthenshire, the Company was wound up voluntarily in about
1900/THE LONDON GAZETTE, MARCH 23, 1900.
Link to history of Colliery & brickworks:
Photo by Colin Wooldridge from the John Cooksey Collection.
Photo by Brotherglyn
From the works of J Brooks Taylor & Co, Skewen, Neath,
which went into liquidation in May 1949. Photo and info
Photo by Geraint Daniels
Made by Templeton and Stokes in Pembrokeshire - thanks to Mike
Bennett for the photo.
Thomas Rees, Caerphilly
Andrew Havard found these by the entrance to an old drift mine
The Ely brickworks of Thorne & Sons, also known as the West
End Works, was established in about 1890 by William Thorne (1857
- 1938), a native of Bridgwater, Somerset. The firm traded up
until Thorne's death and re-emerged after the war as Welsh Brick
Industries (1946) Ltd. Photo and info by Richard Paterson.
Made at Porthwen near Amlwch. Anglesey. Photos by Martyn
Fretwell. A full description of the works may be read on my
From the Penybont brickworks Abertillery, Thanks to Norman Lowe
for the photo and information.
A Tilney, Cwmtilery
Sometime in the late 1850s, young Arthur Tilney, born in 1842,
left the rural hamlet of Kirby Bedon, in Norfolk, where his
father, Robert, was a shoemaker. Arthur joined the ‘coal rush’
and travelled 250 miles to the Monmouthshire town of
Abertillery. The area was at the beginning of a boom, with the
opening of collieries and the building of houses for a huge
influx of workers. In 1861, Arthur Tilney was working as a
railway porter at Abertillery Station and, by 1871, he had
married and been promoted to station master. But he must have
seen a better opportunity for advancement because, by the 1881
census, he was described as an ‘Ironmonger and Timber Merchant’.
His business flourished and, by 1891, he was the ‘Owner of
Sawmills and Brick’ (?works)’. The 1895 Kelly’s Directory shows
that his business had expanded: he was a builders’ ironmonger
and merchant, undertaker, wheelwright and general smith and
timber merchant, with saw mills, joinery works and brickworks at
Cwmtillery. In the 1891 census he was a timber merchant and, by
1901 he had apparently retired. Arthur Tilney died in 1917 and
is buried in Newport. There is no obvious evidence of where his
brickworks was, but it may have been a small-scale operation
near his timber yard site at Cwmtillery. Thanks to Richard
Paterson for the photo and information.
Another South Wales example from Tondu near Bridgend
Photo by Mike Stokes.
Photo by Richard Paterson.
Made in Swansea, photo by John Fraser.
T I C - Tredegar Iron Company
The Tredegar Iron Company was created in 1800 and was at the
cutting edge of the industrial revolution in the Monmouthshire
valleys. In 1891 production of iron ceased as the company
concentrated on what was at one time a total of 13 collieries in
the Tredegar area. Already, in 1875, the company had renamed
itself the Tredegar Iron and Coal Company (TIC). The brickworks
was not established until 1933, and bricks were designated TIC and
later Tredegar. It was nationalised along with the company's
collieries in 1946, when the bricks became 'NCB Tredegar'.
Production seems to have continued until the 1960s, when the works
ceased to be competitive. There is a photo of the works here.
by Richard Paterson.
Trimsaran is near Kidwelly in Carmarthenshire
Found at the site of Carmarthen Bay Power Station, Burry Port
by Hugh Owen
Henry Tunnadine, Carlton House, Malpas, Newport. Photo and
info by Graham Bennett.
Tunnadine, Malpas, photo by Richard Paterson
Photo by Tony Gostling. The Tunnel Brickworks, Cockett,
Swansea, Glamorganshire. Made from around 1884-1914
Both found at the site of Carmarthen Bay Power Station, Burry
Port by Hugh Owen
Victoria Works, Pontypridd
From the Victoria Works at Pwllgwaun, Pontypridd, which was
operating in 1896. The later Pwllgwaun Works was a separate entity
located at the Pwllgwaun Colliery, though within a mile of the old
Victoria Works. During the depression, when coal prices tumbled,
the colliery turned to making bricks from its fireclay reserves,
but this enterprise is said to have ended when World War II broke
out, as it was feared that the glow from the kilns might attract
enemy bombers. By then, the Victoria Works had become a recycling
depot known as the 'Rag Works'. . Photo and info by Richard
Photo by Mike Stokes
W. B. I. 1946
The Highland Park Brick Works in Ely, Cardiff was originally
the Westend Brick Works Co but, from about 1914, was operated by
William Thorne & Sons before the formation of Welsh Brick
Industries in 1946 (WBI 1946 LTD). Information and photo
by Richard Paterson.
W. B. & C Co, Caerphilly
Photo by Brotherglyn. Richard Paterson adds: W B & C
Co. is Wernddu Brick & Coal Co. Bricks were made from
the clay found above shallow coal measures on the north side of
Caerphilly Mountain. The brickworks chimney stack remains, and
is a listed structure.
From the Weig Brick & Tile Co at Cockett, Swansea. Photo by
From the Wernddu brickworks Caerphilly, thanks to Norman Lowe
for the photo and information.
Photographed in Corris, Powys. Imsuspect this was made in
Kerry near Newtown, Powys.
Another one seen at the Big Pit museum
in Blaenavon. Whitehead Hill and Co took over from JC Hill
and Co in 1925. The works, known as the Llandowlais Brick Works
was located on Ty Coch Way, Two Locks, Cwmbran, east of the
Dowlais Brook and south of the Monmouthshire - Brecon Canal. The
works incorporated two eighteen chamber kilns, each chamber
having a capacity of 19,000 bricks. In each kiln, approximately
eight chambers per kiln were fired each week, giving an output
of some 304,000 bricks per week. The last listing for the
company is in the D.O.Q for 1973. Thanks to Lawrence Skuse
for the info.
Spotted by Maurice Stokes in Tewkesbury.
Photo by Michael Kilner.
Photo by Richard Paterson.
William Wild & Sons were based at the quarry which originally
supplied stone for the construction of Holyhead breakwater. They
built a brickworks in 1901 for the supply of heat resistant silica
bricks. The bricks were sent out by sea to Cumberland,
Glasgow and Merseyside. The works finally closed in 1973 and
the remaining buildings are now part of the Breakwater
The village of Hirwaun (often spelled 'Hirwain' in late Victorian
times), lies about four miles north of Aberdare at the top of the
Cynon Valley in South Wales. It was an early centre of iron
production - the Hirwaun Ironworks was opened in 1757, flourished
between 1819 and 1859 in the ownership of the Crawshay family of
Cyfarthfa and finally closed in 1905. Coal mining became important
from about 1864, when William Williams opened the Graig Tower
drift mine on Hirwaun Common, named after a nearby folly built by
the Crawshays. Fireclay was also brought up and probably led to
the establishment of the adjacent Tir Herbert Brickworks. It is
almost certain that Williams's brick production was at Tir Herbert
since the other, later, brickworks in Hirwaun (originally owned by
N B Allen and lastly by the GR Stein conglomerate) produced silica
bricks. The later focus for coal production at Hirwaun was the
Tower Colliery, close to the old Tir Herbert brickworks site,
which became famous as the last deep mine in Wales, having been
bought by the workforce in 1995 after the miners' strike before
final closure in 2008. Photo and info by Richard Paterson.
brick Co. Cwmbran
Worral’s Directory of 1875 cites the Woodside Brick Co, Cwmbran,
proprietor Hy. B Sketch (see “Sketch”). Kelly’s for 1906 lists the
company, the last such listing for it. The 1886 OS map shows a
disused brickworks and the "Woodside Brick & Tile Co on the
western side of the Mon-Brec Canal by Woodside Road. The 1922 OS
map shows both only brick works to the west of the canal, as
disused, but a new brick works is shown on land a playing field
today, at the junction of the canal/Maendy Way, behind Greenhill
Way, Cwmbran. Kelly's for 1914 lists the Standard Brick Co as
being at the Woodside site. The Woodside works are believed to
have closed by 1926. Photo and info by Lawrence Skuse.
Unfortunately incomplete, this is the only such example I have
come across of this pattern from the Woodside Brick Company (see
below). Others have elaborate ovoid designs and are either plain
on the reverse or have a cross hatched pattern. I suspect that
this is an older design than the ovoid ones referred to. I have
only seen this shaped frog on some Abersychan bricks. This brick
was found in the Blaen Bran Brook near Pontnewydd Golf Club.
Photos and info by Lawrence Skuse.
William Woodward was a very important figure in Cardigan. He
served as the town's mayor I believe and was a prominent
J.P. He was originally from Bingham, Nottinghamshire, and
he's buried in Cardigan's Municipal Cemetery. Photo and info
by Aled Jones.
Photo and info by Mike Stokes
The village of Ynysddu, in the Sirhowy valley, is about nine
miles north of Newport. The brickworks, associated with the
Wentloog Colliery, functioned between 1901 and 1938, photo and
info by Richard Paterson.
Found in a garden wall in a street in Treharris, near Merthyr
Tydfil. Photo by Richard Paterson.
Found in the undergrowth on the site of the old Ynysddu brickworks
near Newport South Wales by Peter Jones.