Notes by the Rev. W Richards in "Guide Book to Cemaes Bay and District" 1923 with thanks to Andrew Morris

please note:  this page was copied verbatim and some of the notes may not make perfect sense today.

Dinas Padrig or Patrick's Port

A quantity of white clay is to be found here which the geologist no doubt would find interesting.

Ogof Sian Glynne

This cave in Port Patrick was once inhabited by two sisters, the elder of them being called Sian (Jane), hence the name. The writer has not been told how long the women lived in the cave but one means they had of substinence was by going round the country selling white clay.

Port Patrick is also rich in yellow ochre. Mining operations were carried out here 50 years ago. The material was used for the smelting furnaces and it was shipped away tp all parts. The ships were loaded just near the White Lady. There are traces of copper and iron ore being raised in different parts of the parish at some remote period.

A great business was also carried on in paint of different colours in the district. The old pools in which the paint was washed were once visible but now are choked up.


Lliana stands for Lleianan - the plural of Lleian, "a nun" meaning the Church of Nuns. On the coast we have Porth Lleianan - the Haven of the Nuns.

The Nunnery is situated on a ridge at the entrance of the creek. A portion of the church wall is still standing . Adjoining the church is the churchyard. This is nearly circular in shape and surrounded by a neat wall. Excavations were made here years ago when human remains were dug up. Nuns only were buried here.

Llanlleiana is about 2 miles from Cemaes. Is is a very secluded spot and that undoubtedly is the reason why it was chosen for the site of the nunnery. The nunnery is supposed to have been built in the Middle Ages, or, as some say, about the time of Llewellyn, the Last Prince. The mound near the church is called today Y Clochog (the Belfry), the bell was hung on a pole on top of the mound.

Dinas Cynfor or Dinas Padrig (Cynfor or Patrick's Fort)

This stands on the other side of the creek. It is about 100 ft. above sea level. The scenery from the top is unrivalled. It is called Dinas Cynfor after a British Prince who landed at the haven which bears his name.

This ancient British encampment has been of great interest to historians and antiquarians in all ages. It is considered to be the largest and strongest of its kind in Anglesey, if not in the whole of Wales. It comprises an area of 50 acres, is oval in shape and easy of ascent. It extends from Porth Lleiana on one side to Porth Cynfor (Hells Mouth) on the other. It is bounded on the North by the sa and, half encompassing it on the Llanlleiana side is a moat or deep trench through which, in those early days, shipe could come in and find shelter. During the Roman invasion, it was a place of refuge to the Britons against the ravages of the enemy. The tradition is that the old Britons, for self defence, had carried from the shore below heaps of heavy stones to the summit of the fort and each time the Romans attempted to climb the slopes they were repulsed by the force of the stones which were hurled at them.

The tower on the summit overlooking the sea is named Jubilee Tower. It was erected by the late Captain Pristan as a watch tower and summer house to celebrate Queen Victoria's Jubilee.

This is situated between Isallt Farm and Ty Du, or in other words around little Scotland. Garddwg - Water Garden. This part originally was a village settlement. It was the hamlet of kindred people dwelling together in a group of huts protected by a ring fence. Most of the old cottages are now in ruins but some are still standing.

To say this hamlet of Garddwg was thickly populated once is not a conjecture but we base our assertion on the number of old graveyards in the vicinity such as Llanbadrig, Llanlleiana, Peibron and Gadlys.

There was also a hospital - a Prince's Mansion and an Abbots House in the settlement.

Peibron is a corruption of Bedd y, (from: the graveside).

Traces of graves are visible today in Peibron farmyard. Some of the graves are small and some long. They are about 12 inches from the surface. The reason for this is that the soil has been washed by the force of the water which sometimes rushes down the hill. This place is a rendezvous of antiquarians. The Anglesey Antiquarian Society visited the graves in August 1922. A few of them were opened purposely for their inspection but no bones were discovered.

Return to the Llanlleiana page